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1 These also are proverbs of Solomon, which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied out.
1 These are the miscellaneous instructions of Solomon, which the friends of Ezekias king of Judea copied out.
1 These, too, are parables of Solomon, which the men of Hezekiah, king of Judah, transferred.
2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing; but the glory of kings is to search out a matter.
2 The glory of God conceals a matter: but the glory of a king honours business.
2 It is to the glory of God to conceal a word, and it is to the glory of kings to investigate speech.
3 The heaven for height, and the earth for depth, and the heart of kings is unsearchable.
3 Heaven is high, and earth is deep, and a king’s heart is unsearchable.
3 Heaven above, and earth below, and the heart of kings are each unsearchable.
4 Take away the dross from the silver, and there cometh forth a vessel for the refiner;
4 Beat the drossy silver, and it shall be made entirely pure.
4 Purge dross from silver that it may come forth a pure vessel.
5 Take away the wicked from before the king, and his throne shall be established in righteousness.
5 Slay the ungodly from before the king, and his throne shall prosper in righteousness.
5 Let wicked men be driven from the presence of the king, and his throne shall be established in righteousness.
6 Glorify not thyself in the presence of the king, and stand not in the place of great men;
6 Be not boastful in the presence of the king, and remain not in the places of princes;
6 Do not appear glorious before the king, and do not stand in the place of the great.
7 For better is it that it be said unto thee: 'Come up hither', than that thou shouldest be put lower in the presence of the prince, whom thine eyes have seen.
7 For it is better that it should be said to you, “Ascend to here,” than that you should be humbled before the prince.
7 For it is better that it be said to you, Come up higher, than that you should be put lower. In the presence of the ruler report what your eyes have seen.
8 Go not forth hastily to strive, lest thou know not what to do in the end thereof, when thy neighbour hath put thee to shame.
8 Get not suddenly into a quarrel, lest thou repent at last.
8 The things that your eyes have seen, do not offer hastily in a quarrel, lest afterward you may not be able to make amends, when you have dishonored your friend.
9 Debate thy cause with thy neighbour, but reveal not the secret of another;
9 Whenever thy friend shall reproach thee, retreat backward, despise him not;
9 Argue your case with your friend, and do not reveal the secret to an outsider,
10 Lest he that heareth it revile thee, and thine infamy turn not away.
10 lest thy friend continue to reproach thee, so thy quarrel and enmity shall not depart, but shall be to thee like death. Favour and friendship set a man free, which do thou keep for thyself, lest thou be made liable to reproach; but take heed to thy ways peaceably.
10 Lest he who hears it reproach you and many people mock you.
11 A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in settings of silver.
11 As a golden apple in a necklace of sardius, so is it to speak a wise word.
11 Whoever speaks a word at an opportune time is like apples of gold on beds of silver.
12 As an ear-ring of gold, and an ornament of fine gold, so is a wise reprover upon an obedient ear.
12 Whoever reproves the wise and obedient ear is like an earring of gold with a shining pearl.
12 Like an earring of gold, and a precious sardius, so is the reproof of the wise men to a listening ear.
13 As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to him that sendeth him; for he refresheth the soul of his master.
13 Just like the cold of snow in a time of harvest, so also is a faithful messenger to him who sent him: he causes his soul to rest.
14 As vapours and wind without rain, so is he that boasteth himself of a false gift.
14 A man who boasts and does not fulfill his promises is like clouds and wind, when rain does not follow.
15 By long forbearing is a ruler persuaded, and a soft tongue breaketh the bone.
15 In long-suffering is prosperity to kings, and a soft tongue breaks the bones.
15 By patience, a leader shall be appeased, and a soft tongue shall break hardness.
16 Hast thou found honey? eat so much as is sufficient for thee, lest thou be filled therewith, and vomit it.
16 Having found honey, eat only what is enough, lest haply thou be filled, and vomit it up.
16 You have discovered honey; eat what is sufficient for you, lest perhaps, being filled up, you may vomit it.
17 Let thy foot be seldom in thy neighbour's house; lest he be sated with thee, and hate thee.
17 Withdraw your feet from the house of your neighbor, lest, when he has had his fill, he may hate you.
18 As a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow, so is a man that beareth false witness against his neighbour.
18 A man who speaks false testimony against his neighbor is like a dart and a sword and a sharp arrow.
19 Confidence in an unfaithful man in time of trouble is like a broken tooth, and a foot out of joint.
19 The way of the wicked and the foot of the transgressor shall perish in an evil day.
19 Whoever sets his hopes on the unfaithful in a day of anguish is like a rotten tooth and weary foot,
20 As one that taketh off a garment in cold weather, and as vinegar upon nitre, so is he that singeth songs to a heavy heart.
20 As vinegar is bad for a sore, so trouble befalling the body afflicts the heart. As a moth in a garment, and a worm in wood, so the grief of a man hurts the heart.
20 and like one who loosens his garment in cold weather. Whoever sings verses to a wicked heart is like vinegar on baking soda. Just like a moth to a garment, and a worm to wood, so too does the sadness of a man do harm to the heart.
21 If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat, and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink;
21 If thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink;
21 If your enemy is hungry, feed him. If he is thirsty, give him water to drink.
22 For thou wilt heap coals of fire upon his head, and YHWH will reward thee.
22 for so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head, and the Lord shall reward thee with good.
23 The north wind bringeth forth rain, and a backbiting tongue an angry countenance.
23 The north wind raises clouds; so an impudent face provokes the tongue.
23 Like the north wind which brings forth rain, so are an evil countenance and a backbiting tongue.
24 It is better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than in a house in common with a contentious woman.
25 As cold waters to a faint soul, so is good news from a far country.
25 As cold water is agreeable to a thirsting soul, so is a good message from a land far off.
25 Like cold water to a thirsty soul, so too are good reports from a far away land.
26 As a troubled fountain, and a corrupted spring, so is a righteous man that giveth way before the wicked.
26 As if one should stop a well, and corrupt a spring of water, so is it unseemly for a righteous man to fall before an ungodly man.
26 The just falling down before the impious is like a fountain stirred up by feet and like a corrupted spring.
27 It is not good to eat much honey; so for men to search out their own glory is not glory.
27 Just as whoever eats too much honey, it is not good for him, so also whoever is an investigator of what is majestic will be overwhelmed by glory.
28 Like a city broken down and without a wall, so is he whose spirit is without restraint.
28 As a city whose walls are broken down, and which is unfortified, so is a man who does anything without counsel.
28 Just like a city lying in the open and without surrounding walls, so also is a man who is unable to restrain his own spirit in speaking.
26:1 As snow in summer, and as rain in harvest, so honour is not seemly for a fool.
1 In the manner of snow in the summer, and rain at the harvest, so also is glory unfit for the foolish.
26:2 As the wandering sparrow, as the flying swallow, so the curse that is causeless shall come home.
2 Like a bird flying away to another place, and like a sparrow that hurries away freely, so also a curse uttered against someone without cause will pass away.
26:3 A whip for the horse, a bridle for the ass, and a rod for the back of fools.
3 As a whip for a horse, and a goad for an ass, so is a rod for a simple nation.
3 A whip is for a horse, and a muzzle is for donkey, and a rod is for the back of the imprudent.
26:4 Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him.
4 Do not respond to the foolish according to his folly, lest you become like him.
26:5 Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise in his own eyes.
5 Respond to the foolish according to his folly, lest he imagine himself to be wise.
5 But answer a fool according to your wisdom, lest he think in himself that he is wise.
26:6 He that sendeth a message by the hand of a fool cutteth off his own feet, and drinketh damage.
6 He that sends a message by a foolish messenger procures for himself a reproach from his own ways.
6 Whoever sends words by a foolish messenger has lame feet and drinks iniquity.
26:7 The legs hang limp from the lame; so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
7 In the manner of a lame man who has beautiful legs to no purpose, so also is a parable unfit for the mouth of the foolish.
26:8 As a small stone in a heap of stones, so is he that giveth honour to a fool.
26:9 As a thorn that cometh into the hand of a drunkard, so is a parable in the mouth of fools.
9 Thorns grow in the hand of a drunkard, and servitude in the hand of fools.
9 In the manner of a thorn, if it were to spring up from the hand of a drunkard, so also is a parable in the mouth of the foolish.
26:10 A master performeth all things; but he that stoppeth a fool is as one that stoppeth a flood.
10 Judgment determines cases. And whoever imposes silence on the foolish mitigates anger.
26:11 As a dog that returneth to his vomit, so is a fool that repeateth his folly.
11 As when a dog goes to his own vomit, and becomes abominable, so is fool who returns in his wickedness to his own sin. There is a shame that brings sin: and there is a shame that is glory and grace.
11 Like a dog that returns to his vomit, so also is the imprudent who repeats his foolishness.
26:12 Seest thou a man wise in his own eyes? there is more hope of a fool than of him.
12 If you should see a man wise in his own eyes, a fool is much better than he.
26:13 The sluggard saith: 'There is a lion in the way; yea, a lion is in the streets.'
13 A sluggard when sent on a journey says, There is a lion in the ways, and there are murderers in the streets.
13 The lazy one says, “There is a lion along the way, and a lioness in the roads.”
26:14 The door is turning upon its hinges, and the sluggard is still upon his bed.
14 As a door turns on the hinge, so does a sluggard on his bed.
14 Just as a door turns upon its hinges, so also does the lazy one turn upon his bed.
26:15 The sluggard burieth his hand in the dish; it wearieth him to bring it back to his mouth.
15 A sluggard having hid his hand in his bosom, will not be able to bring it up to his mouth.
15 The lazy one conceals his hand under his arms, and it is a labor for him to move it to his mouth.
26:16 The sluggard is wiser in his own eyes than seven men that give wise answer.
16 A sluggard seems to himself wiser than one who most satisfactorily brings back a message.
16 The lazy one seems wiser to himself than seven men speaking judgments.
26:17 He that passeth by, and meddleth with strife not his own, is like one that taketh a dog by the ears.
17 As he that lays hold of a dog’s tail, so is he that makes himself the champion of another’s cause.
17 Just like one who takes hold of a dog by the ears, so also is he who crosses impatiently and meddles in the quarrels of another.
26:18 As a madman who casteth firebrands, arrows, and death;
18 As those who need correction put forth fair words to men, and he that first falls in with the proposal will be overthrown;
18 Just as he is guilty who let loose the arrows and the lances unto death,
26:19 So is the man that deceiveth his neighbour, and saith: 'Am not I in sport?'
19 so are all that lay wait for their own friends, and when they are discovered, say, I did it in jest.
19 so also is the man who harms his friend by deceitfulness. And when he has been apprehended, he says, “I did it jokingly.”
26:20 Where no wood is, the fire goeth out; and where there is no whisperer, contention ceaseth.
20 With much wood fire increases; but where there is not a double-minded man, strife ceases.
20 When the wood fails, the fire will be extinguished. And when the gossiper is taken away, conflicts will be quelled.
26:21 As coals are to burning coals, and wood to fire; so is a contentious man to kindle strife.
21 A hearth for coals, and wood for fire; and railing man for the tumult of strife.
21 Just as charcoals are to burning coals, and wood is to fire, so also is an angry man who stirs up quarrels.
26:22 The words of a whisperer are as dainty morsels, and they go down into the innermost parts of the body.
22 The words of cunning knaves are soft; but they smite even to the inmost parts of the bowels.
22 The words of the malicious stir up trouble; they go down into the innermost parts of the heart.
26:23 Burning lips and a wicked heart are like an earthen vessel overlaid with silver dross.
23 Silver dishonestly given is to be considered as a potsherd: smooth lips cover a grievous heart.
23 In the same manner as an earthen vessel, if it were adorned with impure silver, conceited lips are allied with a wicked heart.
26:24 He that hateth dissembleth with his lips, but he layeth up deceit within him.
24 A weeping enemy promises all things with his lips, but in his heart he contrives deceit.
24 He who hates is known by his own speech; in his heart he entertains deceit;
26:25 When he speaketh fair, believe him not; for there are seven abominations in his heart.
25 Though thine enemy intreat thee with a loud voice, consent not: for there are seven abominations in his heart.
25 When he will have lowered his voice, do not believe him, for there are seven vices in his heart.
26:26 Though his hatred be concealed with deceit, his wickedness shall be revealed before the congregation.
26 He that hides enmity frames deceit: but being easily discerned, exposes his own sins in the public assemblies.
26 Whoever covers hatred with deceit, his malice shall be revealed in the assembly.
26:27 Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein; and he that rolleth a stone, it shall return upon him.
27 He that digs a pit for his neighbour shall fall into it: and he that rolls a stone, rolls it upon himself.
27 Whoever digs a pit will fall into it. And whoever rolls a stone, it will roll back to him.
26:28 A lying tongue hateth those that are crushed by it; and a flattering mouth worketh ruin.
28 A lying tongue hates the truth; and an unguarded mouth causes tumults.
28 A false tongue does not love truth. And a slippery mouth works ruin.
27:1 Boast not thyself of to-morrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.
1 Do not boast about tomorrow, for you do not know what the future day may bring.
27:2 Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips.
2 Let another praise you, and not your own mouth: an outsider, and not your own lips.
27:3 A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's vexation is heavier than they both.
27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is overwhelming; but who is able to stand before jealousy?
4 Wrath is merciless, and anger sharp: but envy can bear nothing.
4 Anger holds no mercy, nor does fury when it erupts. And who can bear the assault of one who has been provoked?
27:5 Better is open rebuke than love that is hidden.
5 Open reproofs are better than secret love.
27:6 Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are importunate.
6 The wounds of a friend are more to be trusted than the spontaneous kisses of an enemy.
6 Better are the wounds of a friend than the kisses of an enemy.
27:7 The full soul loatheth a honeycomb; but to the hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet.
7 A sated soul will trample the honeycomb. And a hungry soul will accept even bitter in place of sweet.
27:8 As a bird that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that wandereth from his place.
8 As when a bird flies down from its own nest, so a man is brought into bondage whenever he estranges himself from his own place.
8 Just like a bird migrating from her nest, so also is a man who abandons his place.
27:9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart; so doth the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.
9 The heart delights in ointments and wines and perfumes: but the soul is broken by calamities.
9 Ointment and various perfumes delight the heart. And the good advice of a friend is sweet to the soul.
27:10 Thine own friend, and thy father's friend, forsake not; neither go into thy brother's house in the day of thy calamity; better is a neighbour that is near than a brother far off.
10 Do not dismiss your friend or your father’s friend. And do not enter your brother’s house in the day of your affliction. A close neighbor is better than a distant brother.
10 Your own friend and your father's friend forsake not; neither go into your brother's house in the day of your calamity; for better is a neighbor who is near than a brother far off.
27:11 My son, be wise, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him that taunteth me.
11 Son, be wise, that thy heart may rejoice; and remove thou from thyself reproachful words.
11 My son, study wisdom, and rejoice my heart, so that you may be able to respond to the one who reproaches.
27:12 A prudent man seeth the evil, and hideth himself; but the thoughtless pass on, and are punished.
12 A wise man, when evils are approaching, hides himself; but fools pass on, and will be punished.
12 The discerning man, seeing evil, hides himself. The little ones, continuing on, sustain losses.
27:13 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger; and hold him in pledge that is surety for an alien woman.
13 Take away the man’s garment, (for a scorner has passed by) whoever lays waste another’s goods.
27:14 He that blesseth his friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a curse to him.
27:15 A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike;
15 On a stormy day drops of rain drive a man out of his house; so also does a railing woman drive a man out of his own house.
15 A roof leaking on a cold day, and an argumentative woman, are comparable.
27:16 He that would hide her hideth the wind, and the ointment of his right hand betrayeth itself.
16 The north wind is sharp, but it is called by name propitious.
16 He who would restrain her, he is like one who would grasp the wind, or who would gather together oil with his right hand.
27:17 Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend.
27:18 Whoso keepeth the fig-tree shall eat the fruit thereof; and he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured.
18 Whoever maintains the fig tree shall eat its fruit. And whoever is the keeper of his master shall be glorified.
18 He who guards his fig tree shall eat its fruit; and he who is careful of his master shall be honored.
27:19 As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man.
19 As faces are not like other faces, so neither are the thoughts of men.
19 In the manner of faces looking into shining water, so are the hearts of men made manifest to the prudent.
27:20 The nether-world and Destruction are never satiated; so the eyes of man are never satiated.
20 Hell and destruction are not filled; so also are the eyes of men insatiable. He that fixes his eye is an abomination to the Lord; and the uninstructed do not restrain their tongue.
20 Hell and perdition are never filled; similarly the eyes of men are insatiable.
27:21 The refining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold, and a man is tried by his praise.
21 Fire is the trial for silver and gold; and a man is tried by the mouth of them that praise him. The heart of the transgressor seeks after mischiefs; but an upright heart seeks knowledge.
21 In the manner of silver being tested in the refinery, and gold in the furnace, so also is a man tested by the mouth of one who praises. The heart of the iniquitous inquires after evils, but the heart of the righteous inquires after knowledge.
27:22 Though thou shouldest bray a fool in a mortar with a pestle among groats, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.
22 Even if you were to crush the foolish with a mortar, as when a pestle strikes over pearled barley, his foolishness would not be taken from him.
22 Though you should beat a fool in the midst of an assembly, you will not do him any good, nor will you cause his foolishness to depart from him.
27:23 Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy herds;
23 When you are feeding the sheep, know their faces and set your mind on the flock.
27:24 For riches are not for ever; and doth the crown endure unto all generations?
24 For a man has not strength and power for ever; neither does he transmit it from generation to generation.
24 for you will not always hold this power. But a crown shall be awarded from generation to generation.
27:25 When the hay is mown, and the tender grass showeth itself, and the herbs of the mountains are gathered in;
25 Take care of the herbage in the field, and thou shalt cut grass, and gather the mountain hay;
25 The meadows are open, and the green plants have appeared, and the hay has been collected from the mountains.
27:26 The lambs will be for thy clothing, and the goats the price for a field.
26 that thou mayest have wool of sheep for clothing: pay attention to the land, that thou mayest have lambs.
27:27 And there will be goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household; and maintenance for thy maidens.
27 My son, thou hast from me words very useful for thy life, and for the life of thy servants.
27 Let the milk of goats be sufficient for your food, and for the necessities of your household, and for the provisions of your handmaids.
28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursueth; but the righteous are secure as a young lion.
1 The ungodly man flees when no one pursues: but the righteous is confident as a lion.
1 The impious flees, though no one pursues. But the just, like a confident lion, shall be without dread.
28:2 For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof; but by a man of understanding and knowledge established order shall long continue.
2 By reason of the sins of ungodly men quarrels arise; but a wise man will quell them.
2 Because of the sins of the land, it has many princes. And because of the wisdom of a man, and the knowledge of those things that are said, the life of the leader shall be prolonged.
28:3 A poor man that oppresseth the weak is like a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
3 A bold man oppresses the poor by ungodly deeds. As an impetuous and unprofitable rain,
3 A poor man slandering the poor is like a violent rainstorm in advance of a famine.
28:4 They that forsake the law praise the wicked; but such as keep the law contend with them.
4 so they that forsake the law praise ungodliness; but they that love the law fortify themselves with a wall.
4 Those who abandon the law praise the impious. Those who guard it are inflamed against him.
28:5 Evil men understand not justice; but they that seek YHWH understand all things.
5 Evil men will not understand judgement: but they that seek the Lord will understand everything.
5 Evil men do not intend judgment. But those who inquire after the Lord turn their souls toward all things.
28:6 Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than he that is perverse in his ways, though he be rich.
6 A poor man walking in truth is better than a rich liar.
6 Better is the pauper walking in his simplicity, than the rich walking in ways of depravity.
28:7 A wise son observeth the teaching; but he that is a companion of gluttonous men shameth his father.
7 Whoever keeps the law is a wise son. But whoever feeds gluttons brings shame to his father.
28:8 He that augmenteth his substance by interest and increase, gathereth it for him that is gracious to the poor.
8 Whoever piles up riches by usury and profit gathers them for him who will give freely to the poor.
8 He who increases his wealth by usury and unjust means shall leave it for him who is kind to the poor.
28:9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer is an abomination.
9 Whoever turns away his ears from listening to the law: his prayer will be detestable.
9 He who closes his ears from hearing the law, even his prayer is an abomination.
28:10 Whoso causeth the upright to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit; but the whole-hearted shall inherit good.
10 He that causes upright men to err in an evil way, himself shall fall into destruction: transgressor also shall pass by prosperity, but shall not enter into it.
10 Whoever deceives the just in a malicious way will fall into his own perdition. And the simple shall possess his goods.
28:11 The rich man is wise in his own eyes; but the poor that hath understanding searcheth him through.
11 A rich man is wise in his own conceit; but an intelligent poor man will condemn him.
11 The rich one seems wise to himself. But the poor one, being prudent, shall evaluate him.
28:12 When the righteous exult, there is great glory; but when the wicked rise, men must be sought for.
12 By reason of the help of righteous men great glory arises: but in the places of the ungodly men are caught.
28:13 He that covereth his transgressions shall not prosper; but whoso confesseth and forsaketh them shall obtain mercy.
13 Whoever hides his crimes will not be guided. But whoever will have confessed and abandoned them shall overtake mercy.
13 He who hides his transgression shall not prosper; but he who confesses his sins and forsakes them, God will have mercy upon him.
28:14 Happy is the man that feareth alway; but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into evil.
14 Blessed is the man who religiously fears always: but the hard of heart shall fall into mischiefs.
28:15 As a roaring lion, and a ravenous bear; so is a wicked ruler over a poor people.
15 A hungry lion and a thirsty wolf is he, who, being poor, rules over a poor nation.
15 An impious leader over a poor people is like a roaring lion and a hungry bear.
28:16 The prince that lacketh understanding is also a great oppressor; but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days.
16 A king in need of revenues is a great oppressor: but he that hates injustice shall live a long time.
16 A leader destitute of prudence will oppress many through false accusations. But whoever hates avarice shall prolong his days.
28:17 A man that is laden with the blood of any person shall hasten his steps unto the pit; none will support him.
17 He that becomes surety for a man charged with murder shall be an exile, and not in safety. Chasten thy son, and he shall love thee, and give honour to thy soul: he shall not obey a sinful nation.
17 A man who slanders the blood of a life, even if he flees to the pit, no one will tolerate him.
28:18 Whoso walketh uprightly shall be saved; but he that is perverse in his ways shall fall at once.
18 He that walks justly is assisted: but he that walks in crooked ways shall be entangled therein.
18 Whoever walks simply shall be saved. Whoever is perverse in his steps will fall all at once.
28:19 He that tilleth his ground shall have plenty of bread; but he that followeth after vain things shall have poverty enough.
19 Whoever works his land shall be satisfied with bread. But whoever pursues leisure will be filled with need.
28:20 A faithful man shall abound with blessings; but he that maketh haste to be rich shall not be unpunished.
20 A man worthy of credit shall be much blessed: but the wicked shall not be unpunished.
20 A faithful man shall be greatly praised. But whoever rushes to become rich will not be innocent.
28:21 To have respect of persons is not good; for a man will transgress for a piece of bread.
21 He that reverences not the persons of the just is not good: such a one will sell a man for a morsel of bread.
21 A man who shows partiality is not good; for a piece of bread a man will become a traitor.
28:22 He that hath an evil eye hasteneth after riches, and knoweth not that want shall come upon him.
22 A man who hurries to become rich, and who envies others, does not know that destitution will overwhelm him.
28:23 He that rebuketh a man shall in the end find more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue.
23 He that reproves a man’s ways shall have more favour than he that flatters with the tongue.
23 Whoever corrects a man, afterward he shall find favor with him, more so than he who deceives him with a flattering tongue.
28:24 Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith: 'It is no transgression', the same is the companion of a destroyer.
24 He that casts off father or mother, and thinks he sins not; the same is partaker with an ungodly man.
24 Whoever takes away anything from his father or mother, and who says, “This is not a sin,” is the associate of a murderer.
28:25 He that is of a greedy spirit stirreth up strife; but he that putteth his trust in YHWH shall be abundantly gratified.
25 An unbelieving man judges rashly: but he that trusts in the Lord will act carefully.
25 Whoever boasts and enlarges himself stirs up conflicts. Yet truly, whoever trusts in the Lord will be healed.
28:26 He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool; but whoso walketh wisely, he shall escape.
26 He that trusts to a bold heart, such an one is a fool: but he that walks in wisdom shall be safe.
26 Whoever trusts in his own heart is a fool. But whoever treads wisely, the same shall be saved.
28:27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack; but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
27 Whoever gives to the poor shall not be in need. Whoever despises his petition will suffer scarcity.
28:28 When the wicked rise, men hide themselves; but when they perish, the righteous increase.
28 In the places of ungodly men the righteous mourn: but in their destruction the righteous shall be multiplied.
28 When the impious rise up, men will hide themselves. When they perish, the just shall be multiplied.
29:1 He that being often reproved hardeneth his neck shall suddenly be broken, and that without remedy.
1 A reprover is better than a stiff-necked man: for when the latter is suddenly set on fire, there shall be no remedy.
1 The man who, with a stiff neck, treats the one who corrects him with contempt will be suddenly overwhelmed to his own destruction, and reason shall not follow him.
29:2 When the righteous are increased, the people rejoice; but when the wicked beareth rule, the people sigh.
2 When just men are multiplied, the common people shall rejoice. When the impious take up the leadership, the people shall mourn.
29:3 Whoso loveth wisdom rejoiceth his father; but he that keepeth company with harlots wasteth his substance.
3 When a man loves wisdom, his father rejoices: but he that keeps harlots will waste wealth.
3 The man who loves wisdom rejoices his father. But whoever nurtures promiscuous women will lose his substance.
29:4 The king by justice establisheth the land; but he that exacteth gifts overthroweth it.
4 A righteous king establishes a country: but a transgressor destroys it.
4 A just king guides the land. A man of avarice will destroy it.
29:5 A man that flattereth his neighbour spreadeth a net for his steps.
5 He that prepares a net in the way of his own friend, entangles his own feet in it.
5 A man who speaks to his friend with flattering and feigned words spreads a net for his own feet.
29:6 In the transgression of an evil man there is a snare; but the righteous doth sing and rejoice.
6 A great snare is spread for a sinner: but the righteous shall be in joy and gladness.
29:7 The righteous taketh knowledge of the cause of the poor; the wicked understandeth not knowledge.
7 A righteous man knows how to judge for the poor: but the ungodly understands not knowledge; and the poor man has not an understanding mind.
7 The just knows the case of the poor. The impious is ignorant of knowledge.
29:8 Scornful men set a city in a blaze; but wise men turn away wrath.
8 Lawless men burn down a city: but wise men turn away wrath.
8 Pestilent men squander a city. Yet truly, the wise avert fury.
29:9 If a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he be angry or laugh, there will be no rest.
9 A wise man shall judge nations: but a worthless man being angry laughs and fears not.
9 A wise man, if he were to contend with the foolish, whether in anger or in laughter, would find no rest.
29:10 The men of blood hate him that is sincere; and as for the upright, they seek his life.
10 Bloody men hate a holy person, but the upright will seek his soul.
10 Bloodthirsty men hate the simple one; but the just seek out his soul.
29:11 A fool spendeth all his spirit; but a wise man stilleth it within him.
11 A fool utters all is mind: but the wise reserves his in part.
11 A foolish one offers everything on his mind. A wise one reserves and defers until later.
29:12 If a ruler hearkeneth to falsehood, all his servants are wicked.
12 When a king hearkens to unjust language, all his subjects are transgressors.
12 A leader who freely listens to lying words has only impious servants.
29:13 The poor man and the oppressor meet together; YHWH giveth light to the eyes of them both.
13 When the creditor and debtor meet together, the Lord oversees them both.
13 The pauper and the creditor have met one another. The Lord is the illuminator of them both.
29:14 The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.
14 When a king judges the poor in truth, his throne shall be established for a testimony.
14 The king who judges the poor in truth, his throne shall be secured in eternity.
29:15 The rod and reproof give wisdom; but a child left to himself causeth shame to his mother.
15 Stripes and reproofs give wisdom: but an erring child disgraces his parents.
15 The rod and its correction distribute wisdom. But the child who is left to his own will brings shame to his mother.
29:16 When the wicked are increased, transgression increaseth; but the righteous shall gaze upon their fall.
16 When the ungodly abound, sins abound: but when they fall, the righteous are warned.
16 When the impious are multiplied, crimes will be multiplied. But the just shall see their ruin.
29:17 Correct thy son, and he will give thee rest; yea, he will give delight unto thy soul.
17 Chasten thy son, and he shall give thee rest; and he shall give honour to thy soul.
29:18 Where there is no vision, the people cast off restraint; but he that keepeth the law, happy is he.
18 There shall be no interpreter to a sinful nation: but he that observes the law is blessed.
18 When prophecy fails, the people will be scattered. Yet truly, whoever guards the law is blessed.
29:19 A servant will not be corrected by words; for though he understand, there will be no response.
19 A stubborn servant will not be reproved by words: for even if he understands, still he will not obey.
19 A servant cannot be taught by words, because he understands what you say, but he disdains to respond.
29:20 Seest thou a man that is hasty in his words? there is more hope for a fool than for him.
20 If thou see a man hasty in his words, know that the fool has hope rather than he.
20 Have you seen a man rushing to speak? Foolishness has more hope than his correction.
29:21 He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become master at the last.
21 Whoever nurtures his servant delicately from childhood, afterwards will find him defiant.
21 He who is given to pleasures from his youth will be a servant, and in the end will groan.
29:22 An angry man stirreth up strife, and a wrathful man aboundeth in transgression.
22 A furious man stirs up strife, and a passionate man digs up sin.
22 A short-tempered man provokes quarrels. And whoever is easily angered is more likely to sin.
29:23 A man's pride shall bring him low; but he that is of a lowly spirit shall attain to honour.
23 Pride brings a man low, but the Lord upholds the humble-minded with honour.
23 Humiliation follows the arrogant. And glory shall uphold the humble in spirit.
29:24 Whoso is partner with a thief hateth his own soul: he heareth the adjuration and uttereth nothing.
24 He who is a partner with a thief hates his own soul; they put him under oaths, but he does not confess.
29:25 The fear of man bringeth a snare; but whoso putteth his trust in YHWH shall be set up on high.
25 they fearing and reverencing men unreasonably have been overthrown, but he that trusts in the Lord shall rejoice. Ungodliness causes a man to stumble: but he that trusts in his master shall be safe.
25 Whoever fears man will quickly fall. Whoever hopes in the Lord shall be lifted up.
29:26 Many seek the ruler's favour; but a man's judgment cometh from YHWH.
26 Many wait on the favour of rulers; but justice comes to a man from the Lord.
26 Many demand the face of the leader. But the judgment of each one proceeds from the Lord.
29:27 An unjust man is an abomination to the righteous; and he that is upright in the way is an abomination to the wicked.
27 A righteous man is an abomination to an unrighteous man, and the direct way is an abomination to the sinner.
27 The just abhor an impious man. And the impious abhor those who are on the right way. By keeping the word, the son shall be free from perdition.