The Bible in Its Traditions

Numbers 3:1–51

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Now these are the generations of Aaron and Moses in the day that YHWH spoke with Moses in mount Sinai.

And these are the generations of Aaron and Moses, in the day in which the Lord spoke to Moses in mount Sina.

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And these are the names of the sons of Aaron: Nadab the first-born, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

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These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests that were anointed, whom he consecrated to minister in the priest's office.

These the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests who were anointed and whose hands were filled and consecrated in order to exercise the priesthood.

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And Nadab and Abihu died before YHWH, when they offered strange fire before the YHWH, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children; and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the presence of Aaron their father.

For Nadab and Abihu died without children, when they offered, in the sight of the Lord, a strange fire, in the desert of Sinai. And so, Eleazar and Ithamar exercised the priesthood in the sight of Aaron, their father.

But Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD when they offered strange fire before the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children; and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office during the lifetime of Aaron their father.

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And YHWH spoke unto Moses, saying

And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

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'Bring the tribe of Levi near, and set them before Aaron the priest, that they may minister unto him.

Take the tribe of Levi, and thou shalt set them before Aaron the priest, and they shall minister to him,

“Bring forward the tribe of Levi, and cause them to stand in the sight of Aaron the priest, in order to minister to him. And let them keep watch outside,

And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tent of meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle.

and shall keep his charges, and the charges of the children of Israel, before the tabernacle of witness, to do the works of the tabernacle.

and let them observe whatever pertains to the ritual for the multitude, in front of the tabernacle of the testimony,

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And they shall keep all the furniture of the tent of meeting, and the charge of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle.

and let them take care of the vessels of the tabernacle, serving in its ministry.

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And thou shalt give the Levites unto Aaron and to his sons; they are wholly given unto him from the children of Israel.

And you shall give the Levites as a gift to Aaron and his sons; for they have been delivered to them by the sons of Israel.

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10  And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, that they may keep their priesthood; and the common man that draweth nigh shall be put to death.'

10  But you shall appoint Aaron and his sons over the service of priesthood. The outsider who approaches to minister shall be put to death.”

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11  And YHWH spoke unto Moses, saying

11  And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

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12  'And I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of every first-born that openeth the womb among the children of Israel; and the Levites shall be Mine;

12  Behold, I have taken the Levites from the midst of the children of Israel, instead of every male that opens the womb from among the children of Israel: they shall be their ransom, and the Levites shall be mine.

12  “I have taken the Levites from the sons of Israel. For the Levites, and all the firstborn who open the womb among the sons of Israel, shall be mine.

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13  for all the first-born are Mine: on the day that I smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt I hallowed unto Me all the first- born in Israel, both man and beast, Mine they shall be: I am YHWH.'

13  For every first-born is mine; in the day in which I smote every first-born in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to myself every first-born in Israel: both of man and beast, they shall be mine: I am the Lord.

13  Because all the first-born are mine; for on the day that I smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, I consecrated to me all the first-born in Israel, both man and beast; they shall be mine; I am the LORD.

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14  And YHWH spoke unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying

14  And the Lord spoke to Moses in the desert of Sinai, saying

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15  'Number the children of Levi by their fathers' houses, by their families; every male from a month old and upward shalt thou number them.'

15  Take the number of the sons of Levi, according to the houses of their families, according to their divisions; number ye them every male from a month old and upwards.

15  “Number the sons of Levi by the houses of their fathers and their families, every male from one month and above.”

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16  And Moses numbered them according to the word of YHWH, as he was commanded.

16  Moses numbered them, just as the Lord had instructed,

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17  And these were the sons of Levi by their names: Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari.

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18  And these are the names of the sons of Gershon by their families: Libni and Shimei.

18  The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei.

19  And the sons of Kohath by their families: Amram and Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.

19  The sons of Kohath: Amram, and Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.

20  And the sons of Merari by their families: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their fathers' houses.

20  The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi.

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21  Of Gershon was the family of the Libnites, and the family of the Shimeites; these are the families of the Gershonites.

21  To Gedson belongs the family of Lobeni, and the family of Semei: these are the families of Gedson.

21  From Gershon were two families: the Libnites, and the Shimeites.

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22  Those that were numbered of them, according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, even those that were numbered of them were seven thousand and five hundred.

22  The numbering of them according to the number of every male from a month old and upwards, their numbering was seven thousand and five hundred.

22  The people of these were numbered, of the male sex, from one month and above: seven thousand five hundred.

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23  The families of the Gershonites were to pitch behind the tabernacle westward;

23  And the sons of Gedson shall encamp westward behind the tabernacle.

23  These shall encamp behind the tabernacle, toward the west,

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24  the prince of the fathers' house of the Gershonites being Eliasaph the son of Lael,

24  And the ruler of the household of the family of Gedson was Elisaph the son of Dael.

24  under the leader Eliasaph the son of Lael.

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25  and the charge of the sons of Gershon in the tent of meeting the tabernacle, and the Tent, the covering thereof, and the screen for the door of the tent of meeting,

25  And they shall keep watch over the tabernacle of the covenant

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26  and the hangings of the court, and the screen for the door of the court--which is by the tabernacle, and by the altar, round about- -and the cords of it, even whatsoever pertaineth to the service thereof.

26  and the curtains of the court, and the veil of the door of the court, which is by the tabernacle, and the remainder of all its works.

26  the tabernacle itself, and its covering; the tent that is drawn before the doors of the covering of the covenant; and the curtains of the atrium; likewise, the tent that is suspended at the entrance of the atrium of the tabernacle; and whatever pertains to the ritual of the altar; the cords of the tabernacle and all its implements.

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27  And of Kohath was the family of the Amramites, and the family of the Izharites, and the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites; these are the families of the Kohathites

27  To Caath belonged one division, that of Amram, and another division, that of Issaar, and another division, that of Chebron, and another division, that of Oziel: these are the divisions of Caath, according to number.

27  The kinship of Kohath includes the peoples of the Amramites and Izharites and Hebronites and Uzzielites. These are the families of the Kohathites, having been counted by their names,

28  according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, eight thousand and six hundred, keepers of the charge of the sanctuary.

28  Every male from a month old and upward, eight thousand and six hundred, keeping the charges of the holy things.

28  all those of the male gender, from one month and above: eight thousand six hundred. They shall keep watch over the Sanctuary,

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29  The families of the sons of Kohath were to pitch on the side of the tabernacle southward;

29  and they shall encamp toward the south side.

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30  the prince of the fathers' house of the families of the Kohathites being Elizaphan the son of Uzziel,

30  And the chief of the house of the families of the divisions of Caath, was Elisaphan the son of Oziel.

30  And their leader shall be Elisaphan the son of Uzziel.

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31  and their charge the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, and the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith the priests minister, and the screen, and all that pertaineth to the service thereof;

31  And their charge was the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, and the altars, and all the vessels of the sanctuary wherewith they do holy service, and the veil, and all their works.

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32  Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest being prince of the princes of the Levites, and having the oversight of them that keep the charge of the sanctuary.

32  But the leader of the leaders of the Levites, Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, shall be over those who watch over the care of the Sanctuary.

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33  Of Merari was the family of the Mahlites, and the family of the Mushites; these are the families of Merari.

33  To Merari belonged the family of Mooli, and the family of Musi: these are the families of Merari.

33  And truly, from Merari are the peoples of the Mahlites and Mushites, having been counted by their names,

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34  And those that were numbered of them, according to the number of all the males, from a month old and upward, were six thousand and two hundred;

34  The mustering of them according to number, every male from a month old and upwards, was six thousand and fifty.

34  all those of the male gender, from one month and above: six thousand two hundred.

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35  the prince of the fathers' house of the families of Merari being Zuriel the son of Abihail; they were to pitch on the side of the tabernacle northward;

35  And the head of the house of the families of the division of Merari, was Suriel the son of Abichail: they shall encamp by the side of the tabernacle northwards.

35  Their leader is Suriel the son of Abihaiel. They shall make camp on the north side.

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36  the appointed charge of the sons of Merari being the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars thereof, and the pillars thereof, and the sockets thereof, and all the instruments thereof, and all that pertaineth to the service thereof;

36  The oversight of the charge of the sons of Merari included the chapiters of the tabernacle, and its bars, and its pillars, and its sockets, and all their furniture, and their works,

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37  and the pillars of the court round about, and their sockets, and their pins, and their cords.

37  and the columns of the surrounding atrium with their bases, and the tent pegs with their cords.

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38  And those that were to pitch before the tabernacle eastward, before the tent of meeting toward the sunrising, were Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary, even the charge for the children of Israel; and the common man that drew nigh was to be put to death.

38  They that encamp before the tabernacle of witness on the east shall be Moses and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charges of the sanctuary according to the charges of the children of Israel; and the stranger that touches them, shall die.

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39  All that were numbered of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron numbered at the commandment of YHWH, by their families, all the males from a month old and upward, were twenty and two thousand.

39  All the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron numbered by their families according to the precept of the Lord, of the male gender, from one month and above, were twenty-two thousand.

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40  And YHWH said unto Moses: 'Number all the first-born males of the children of Israel from a month old and upward, and take the number of their names.

40  And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Count every first-born male of the children of Israel from a month old and upwards, and take the number by name.

40  And the Lord said to Moses: “Number the firstborn of the male sex from the sons of Israel, from one month and above, and you shall take their total.

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41  And thou shalt take the Levites for Me, even YHWH, instead of all the first-born among the children of Israel; and the cattle of the Levites instead of all the firstlings among the cattle of the children of Israel.'

41  And you shall bring the Levites to me, in place of all the firstborn of the sons of Israel, and you shall bring their cattle to me, in place of all the firstborn of the cattle of the sons of Israel. I am the Lord.”

42  And Moses numbered, as YHWH commanded him, all the first-born among the children of Israel.

42  Moses took a census, just as the Lord had instructed, of the firstborn of the sons of Israel.

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43  And all the first-born males according to the number of names, from a month old and upward, of those that were numbered of them, were twenty and two thousand two hundred and threescore and thirteen.

43  And all the male first-born in number by name, from a month old and upwards, were according to their numbering twenty-two thousand and two hundred and seventy-three.

43  And the males by their names, from one month and above, were twenty-two thousand two hundred seventy-three.

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44  And YHWH spoke unto Moses, saying

44  And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,

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45  'Take the Levites instead of all the first-born among the children of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites instead of their cattle; and the Levites shall be Mine, even YHWH'S.

45  “Take the Levites, in place of the firstborn of the sons of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites, in place of their cattle, and so the Levites shall be mine. I am the Lord.

45  Present the Levites instead of all the first-born among the children of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites instead of their cattle; and the Levites shall be mine; I am the LORD.

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46  And as for the redemption of the two hundred and three score and thirteen of the first-born of the children of Israel, that are over and above the number of the Levites,

46  And for the ransoms of the two hundred and seventy-three which exceed the Levites in number of the first-born of the sons of Israel;

46  But for the price of the two hundred and seventy-three, which exceed the number of the Levites compared to the number of firstborn of the sons of Israel,

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47  thou shalt take five shekels apiece by the poll; after the shekel of the sanctuary shalt thou take them--the shekel is twenty gerahs.

47  thou shalt even take five shekels a head; thou shalt take them according to the holy didrachm, twenty oboli to the shekel.

47  you shall take five shekels for each head, by the measure of the Sanctuary. A shekel has twenty obols.

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48  And thou shalt give the money wherewith they that remain over of them are redeemed unto Aaron and to his sons.'

48  And you shall give the money to Aaron and his sons as the price of those that are in excess.”

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49  And Moses took the redemption-money from them that were over and above them that were redeemed by the Levites;

49  Therefore, Moses took the money for those that were in excess, and whom they had redeemed from the Levites

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50  from the first-born of the children of Israel took he the money: a thousand three hundred and threescore and five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.

50  He took the silver from the first-born of the sons of Israel, a thousand three hundred and sixty-five shekels, according to the holy shekel.

50  in place of the firstborn of the sons of Israel: one thousand three hundred sixty-five shekels, according to the weight of the Sanctuary.

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51  And Moses gave the redemption-money unto Aaron and to his sons, according to the word of YHWH, as the YHWH commanded Moses.

51  And he gave it to Aaron and his sons, according to the word by which the Lord had instructed him.