The Bible in Its Traditions

Numbers 20:14–21

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14  And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom: 'Thus saith thy brother Israel: Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us;

14  Meanwhile, Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom. They said: “Your brother Israel says this: You know of all the hardships which have overtaken us,

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15  how our fathers went down into Egypt, and we dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians dealt ill with us, and our fathers;

15  And how our fathers went down into Egypt, and we sojourned in Egypt many days, and the Egyptians afflicted us and our fathers.

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16  and when we cried unto YHWH, He heard our voice, and sent an angel, and brought us forth out of Egypt; and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of thy border.

16  And we cried to the Lord, and the Lord heard our voice, and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt; and now we are in the city of Cades, at the extremity of thy coasts.

16  and how we cried out to the Lord, and he heeded us and sent an Angel, who led us away from Egypt. Behold, we are situated in the city of Kadesh, which is at the extremity of your borders.

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17  Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy land; we will not pass through field or through vineyard, neither will we drink of the water of the wells; we will go along the king's highway, we will not turn aside to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy border.'

17  And we beg you to permit us to cross through your land. We will not go through the fields, nor through the vineyards; we will not drink the waters of your wells, but we will travel by the public ways, neither turning aside to the right, nor to the left, until we have passed your borders.”

17  Now let us pass through your land; we will not pass through the fields, nor through the vineyards, neither will we drink the water of the wells; but we will go by the king's highway, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left until we have passed your borders.

18  And Edom said unto him: 'Thou shalt not pass through me, lest I come out with the sword against thee.'

18  Edom responded to them: “You shall not cross through me, otherwise, I will meet you armed.”

18  But Edom said to him, You shall not pass through my border, lest I come out against you with the sword.

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19  And the children of Israel said unto him: 'We will go up by the highway; and if we drink of thy water, I and my cattle, then will I give the price thereof; let me only pass through on my feet; there is no hurt.'

19  And the sons of Israel said: “We will travel by the well-trodden path. And if we or our cattle drink from your waters, we will give you what is just. There shall be no difficulty in the price, only let us cross through quickly.”

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20  And he said: 'Thou shalt not pass through.' And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

20  But he answered, “You shall not cross.” And immediately he went out to meet them with a countless multitude and a strong hand;

20  But Edom said. You shall not pass through. And Edom came out against them with a strong force, and with a strong hand.

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21  Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border; wherefore Israel turned away from him.

21  So Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through his borders, and Israel turned away from him.

21  neither was he willing to agree to their petition to concede passage through his borders. For this reason, Israel diverted away from him.