The Bible in Its Traditions

Jeremiah 51:1–64

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Thus saith YHWH: Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in Leb-kamai, a destroying wind.

Jer28:1  Thus saith the Lord; Behold, I stir up against Babylon, and against the Chaldeans dwelling therein, a deadly burning wind.

Thus says the Lord: “Behold, I will raise up, over Babylon and over its inhabitants, who have lifted up their heart against me, something like a pestilent wind.

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And I will send unto Babylon strangers, that shall fan her, and they shall empty her land; for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

And I will send winnowers into Babylon, and they will winnow her, and they will demolish her land. For they will overwhelm her from every side in the day of her affliction.

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Let the archer bend his bow against her, and let him lift himself up against her in his coat of mail; and spare ye not her young men, destroy ye utterly all her host.

Let him who draws the bow, not draw his bow. And let him who wears armor, not rise up. Do not spare her young men. Destroy her entire military.

The archer shall not cease from bending his bow, and the warrior shall not put off his breastplate; spare not her young men; destroy utterly all her host.

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And they shall fall down slain in the land of the Chaldeans, and thrust through in her streets.

Jer28:4  And slain men shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and men pierced through shall fall without it.

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For Israel is not widowed, nor Judah, of his God, of YHWH of hosts; for their land is full of guilt against the Holy One of Israel.

Jer28:5  For Israel and Juda have not been forsaken of their God, of the Lord Almighty; whereas their land was filled with iniquity against the holy things of Israel.

Yet Israel and Judah have not been widowed by their God, the Lord of hosts, though their land has been filled with transgression against the Holy One of Israel.

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Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and save every man his life, be not cut off in her iniquity; for it is the time of YHWH'S vengeance; He will render unto her a recompense.

Jer28:6  Flee ye out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every one his soul: and be not overthrown in her iniquity; for it is the time of her retribution from the Lord; he is rendering to her a recompence.

Flee from the midst of Babylon! And let each one save his own life. Do not be silent about her iniquity. For it is the time of revenge from the Lord. He himself will repay her, in her turn.

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Babylon hath been a golden cup in YHWH'S hand, that made all the earth drunken; the nations have drunk of her wine, therefore the nations are mad.

Jer28:7  Babylon has been a golden cup in the Lord’s hand, causing all the earth to be drunken: the nations have drunk of her wine; therefore they were shaken.

Babylon is a gold cup in the hand of the Lord, inebriating the entire earth. The nations have drunk from her wine, and therefore they have staggered.

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Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed, wail for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

Jer28:8  And Babylon is fallen suddenly, and is broken to pieces: lament for her; take balm for her deadly wound, if by any means she may be healed.

Suddenly, Babylon has fallen and been crushed. Wail over her! Take a balm to her pain, if perhaps she may be healed.”

We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed; forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country; for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies.

Jer28:9  We tried to heal Babylon, but she was not healed: let us forsake her, and depart every one to his own country: for her judgement has reached to the heaven, it has mounted up to the stars.

“We would have cured Babylon, but there is no cure. Let us abandon her, and let each one of us go to his own land. For her judgment has reached even to the heavens, and has been lifted up even to the clouds.

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10  YHWH hath brought forth our victory; come, and let us declare in Zion the work of YHWH our God.

Jer28:10  The Lord has brought forth his judgement: come, and let us declare in Sion the works of the Lord our God.

10  The LORD has made evident our innocence; come, let us declare in Zion the works of the LORD our God.

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11  Make bright the arrows, fill the quivers, YHWH hath roused the spirit of the kings of the Medes; because His device is against Babylon, to destroy it; for it is the vengeance of the YHWH, the vengeance of His temple.

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12  Set up a standard against the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set the watchmen, prepare the ambushes; for YHWH hath both devised and done that which He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.

Jer28:12  Lift up a standard on the walls of Babylon, prepare the quivers, rouse the guards, prepare the weapons: for the Lord has taken the work in hand, and will execute what he has spoken against the inhabitants of Babylon,

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13  O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, the measure of thy covetousness.

Jer28:13  dwelling on many waters, and amidst the abundance of her treasures; thine end is come verily into thy bowels.

13  You who live above many waters, rich in treasures: your end has arrived, your measure has been cut short.

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14  YHWH of hosts hath sworn by Himself: Surely I will fill thee with men, as with the canker-worm, and they shall lift up a shout against thee.

Jer28:14  For the Lord has sworn by his arm, saying, I will fill thee with men as with locusts; and they that come down shall cry against thee.

14  The Lord of hosts has sworn by himself, saying: “For I will fill you with men as with locusts, and they will sing a rhythmic chant against you.”

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15  He that hath made the earth by His power, that hath established the world by His wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by His discernment;

Jer28:15  The Lord made the earth by his power, preparing the world by his wisdom, by his understanding he stretched out the heaven.

15  The One who made the earth by his strength, who prepared the world by his wisdom, and who stretched out the heavens by his prudence

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16  At the sound of His giving a multitude of waters in the heavens, He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; He maketh lightnings at the time of the rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of His treasuries;

Jer28:16  At his voice he makes a sound of water in the heaven, and brings up clouds from the extremity of the earth; he makes lightnings for rain, and brings light out of his treasures.

16  when he utters his voice, the waters will be multiplied in the heavens. The One who lifts up the clouds from the ends of the earth: he has turned lightning into rain, and he has brought forth wind from his storehouses.

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17  Every man is proved to be brutish, for the knowledge--every goldsmith is put to shame by the graven image--that his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.

Jer28:17  Every man has completely lost understanding; every goldsmith is confounded because of his graven images: for they have cast false gods, there is no breath in them.

17  Each man has become foolish before his own knowledge. Each sculptor has been confounded by his own sculpture. For what he has formed of them is a lie, and there is no spirit in them.

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18  They are vanity, a work of delusion; in the time of their visitation they shall perish,

18  They are worthless, the works of fools; in the time of punishment they shall perish.

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19  The portion of Jacob is not like these; for He is the former of all things, and Israel is the tribe of His inheritance; YHWH of hosts is His name.

Jer28:19  Not such is Jacob’s portion; for he that formed all things, he is his inheritance; the Lord is his name.

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20  Thou art My maul and weapons of war, and with thee will I shatter the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

20  “For me, you strike together the instruments of war; and with you, I will strike together nations; and with you, I will scatter the kingdoms.

20  Prepare weapons of war, for with you will I scatter the nations and with you will I destroy kingdoms;

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21  And with thee will I shatter the horse and his rider, and with thee will I shatter the chariot and him that rideth therein;

Jer28:21  And by thee I will scatter the horse and his rider; and by thee I will scatter chariots and them that ride in them.

21  And with you I will scatter horses and their riders, and with you I will scatter chariots and their riders,

22  And with thee will I shatter man and woman, and with thee will I shatter the old man and the youth, and with thee will I shatter the young man and the maid;

Jer28:22  And by thee I will scatter youth and maid; and by thee I will scatter man and woman.

22  With you will I scatter men and women, and with you will I scatter the old men and the youths, and with you will I scatter the young men and the maids,

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23  And with thee will I shatter the shepherd and his flock, and with thee will I shatter the husbandman and his yoke of oxen, and with thee will I shatter governors and deputies.

Jer28:23  And by thee I will scatter the shepherd and his flock; and by thee I will scatter the husbandman and his husbandry; and by thee I will scatter leaders and the captains.

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24  And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion, in your sight; saith YHWH.

Jer28:24  And I will recompense to Babylon and to all the Chaldeans that dwell there all their mischiefs that they have done to Sion before your eyes, saith the Lord.

24  And I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of Chaldea for all their evil that they have done in Zion, before your eyes, says the Lord.

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25  Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith YHWH, which destroyest all the earth; and I will stretch out My hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.

25  Behold, I am against you, you pestilent mountain, says the Lord, for you are corrupting the entire earth. And I will extend my hand over you, and I will roll you down from the rocks, and I will make you into a burning mountain.

26  And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith YHWH.

26  And they will not take from you a stone for the corner, nor a stone for the foundations. Instead, you will be destroyed unto eternity,” says the Lord.

27  Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the horn among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz; appoint a marshal against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough canker- worm.

27  Lift up a sign in the land! Sound the trumpet among the nations! Sanctify the nations against her. Announce against her the kings of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. Number against her Taphsar. Lead in the horse, like the stinging locust.

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28  Prepare against her the nations, the kings of the Medes, the governors thereof, and all the deputies thereof, and all the land of his dominion.

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29  And the land quaketh and is in pain; for the purposes of YHWH are performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation, without inhabitant.

Jer28:29  The earth has quaked and been troubled, because the purpose of the Lord has risen up against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation, and uninhabitable.

29  And the earth will be shaken and will be disturbed. For the plan of the Lord against Babylon will awaken, so that he may make the land of Babylon desolate and uninhabitable.

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30  The mighty men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they remain in their strongholds; their might hath failed, they are become as women; her dwelling-places are set on fire; her bars are broken.

30  The strong ones of Babylon have ceased to do battle. They have lived in fortresses. Their health has been devoured, and they have become like women. Her tabernacles have been set ablaze; her bars have been broken.

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31  One post runneth to meet another, and one messenger to meet an other, to tell the king of Babylon that his city is taken on every quarter;

Jer28:31  One shall rush, running to meet another runner, and one shall go with tidings to meet another with tidings, to bring tidings to the king of Babylon, that his city is taken.

31  Runner will go forth to meet runner, and messenger will meet messenger, so as to tell the king of Babylon that his city has been captured, from one end to the other,

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32  And the fords are seized, and the castles they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

Jer28:32  At the end of his passages they were taken, and his cisterns they have burnt with fire, and his warriors are going forth.

33  For thus saith YHWH of hosts, the God of Israel: The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing-floor at the time when it is trodden; yet a little while, and the time of harvest shall come for her.

Jer28:33  For thus saith the Lord, The houses of the king of Babylon shall be threshed as a floor in the season; yet a little while, and her harvest shall come.

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34  Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath set me down as an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his maw with my delicacies; he hath washed me clean.

Jer28:34  He has devoured me, he has torn me asunder, airy darkness has come upon me; Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon has swallowed me up, as a dragon has he filled his belly with my delicacies.

34  Jerusalem has said, Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me, he has plundered me, he has made me like an empty vessel, he has swallowed me up like a dragon, he has filled his belly with my delicacies, and then he has caused me to go astray.

35  'The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon', shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and: 'My blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea', shall Jerusalem say.

Jer28:35  My troubles and my distresses have driven me out into Babylon, shall she that dwells in Sion say; and my blood shall be upon the Chaldeans dwelling there, shall Jerusalem say.

35  My spoil and my wealth are carried away to Babylon, my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, Jerusalem shall say.

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36  Therefore thus saith YHWH: Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her fountain dry.

Jer28:36  Therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will judge thine adversary, and I will execute vengeance for thee; and I will waste her sea, and dry up her fountain.

36  Because of this, thus says the Lord: “Behold, I will judge your case, and I will avenge your vengeance, and I will make her sea into a desert, and I will dry up her spring.

37  And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwelling-place for jackals, an astonishment, and a hissing, without inhabitant.

Jer28:37  And Babylon shall be a desolation, and shall not be inhabited.

37  And Babylon will become a tumult, the habitation of dragons, an astonishment, and a hissing, because there is no inhabitant.

38  They shall roar together like young lions; they shall growl as lions' whelps.

Jer28:38  For they rose up together as lions, and as lions’ whelps.

38  They will roar together, like lions, they will shake their manes, like young lions.

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39  With their poison I will prepare their feast, and I will make them drunken, that they may be convulsed, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith YHWH.

Jer28:39  In their heat I will give them a draught, and make them drunk, that they may be stupified, and sleep an everlasting sleep, and not awake, saith the Lord.

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40  I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he-goats.

Jer28:40  And bring thou them down as lambs to the slaughter, and rams with kids.

40  And I will deliver them like fatlings to be slain, like rams and he-goats to slaughter.

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41  How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth seized! How is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

Jer28:41  How has the boast of all the earth been taken and caught in a snare! how has Babylon become a desolation among the nations!

41  How was Sesac captured, and how was the renowned one of all the earth seized? How has Babylon become an astonishment among the nations?

42  The sea is come up upon Babylon; she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

Jer28:42  The sea has come up upon Babylon with the sound of its waves, and she is covered.

42  The sea has ascended over Babylon; she has been covered by the multitude of its waves.

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43  Her cities are become a desolation, a dry land, and a desert, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.

Jer28:43  Her cities are become like a dry and trackless land; not so much as one man shall dwell in it, neither shall a son of man lodge in it.

43  Her cities have become an astonishment, an uninhabited and desolate land, a land in which no one may live, nor may a son of man pass through it.

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44  And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up, and the nations shall not flow any more unto him; yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.

Jer28:44  And I will take vengeance on Babylon, and bring forth out of her mouth what she has swallowed down, and the nations shall no more be gathered to her

44  And I will visit against Bel in Babylon, and I will cast from his mouth what he has swallowed. And the nations will no longer flow together before him. For even the wall of Babylon will also fall.

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45  My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and save yourselves every man from the fierce anger of YHWH.

45  Go forth from her midst, my people, so that each one may save his life from the wrath of the fury of the Lord.

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46  And let not your heart faint, neither fear ye, for the rumour that shall be heard in the land; for a rumour shall come one year, and after that in another year a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler.

46  For otherwise, your heart may faint, and you may be afraid at the news that is heard in the land. And the news will arrive within a year, and after that year more news will arrive. And iniquity will be in the land, and one ruler will be over another ruler.

46  Lest your heart faint and be fearful at the rumors that shall be heard in the land; and a rumor shall come in one year, and the following year another rumor; and there shall be violence in the land, and ruler shall rise against ruler.

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47  Therefore behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon, and her whole land shall be ashamed; and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.

47  Because of this, behold, the days are approaching, when I will visit against the graven images of Babylon. And her entire land will be confounded, and all her slain will fall in her midst.

48  Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for joy over Babylon; for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith YHWH.

48  And the heavens and the earth, and all the things that are in them, will give praise over Babylon. For despoilers will approach her from the north, says the Lord.

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49  As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the land.

Jer28:49  and in Babylon the slain men of all the earth shall fall.

49  And in the manner that Babylon has caused the slain to fall in Israel, so the slain of Babylon will fall over the entire earth.

50  Ye that have escaped the sword, go ye, stand not still; remember YHWH from afar, and let Jerusalem come into your mind.

Jer28:50  Go forth of the land, ye that escape, and stay not; ye that are afar off, remember the Lord, and let Jerusalem come into your mind.

50  You who have fled from the sword, approach, do not stand still. Remember from afar the Lord, and let Jerusalem rise up in your heart.

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51  'We are ashamed, because we have heard reproach, confusion hath covered our faces; for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of YHWH'S house.'

51  We have been confounded, for we heard reproach. Shame has covered our faces, for strangers have overwhelmed the holiness of the house of the Lord.

51  And the house of Israel shall say, We are exceedingly ashamed, because we have heard reproach; shame has covered our faces; for strangers have entered into the sanctuary of the LORD.

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52  Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith YHWH, that I will do judgment upon her graven images; and through all her land the wounded shall groan.

Jer28:52  Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will take vengeance upon her graven images: and slain men shall fall in all her land.

52  Because of this, behold, the days are approaching, says the Lord, when I will visit against her graven images, and within all her land the wounded will groan.

53  Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from Me shall spoilers come unto her, saith YHWH.

Jer28:53  For though Babylon should go up as the heaven, and though she should strengthen her walls with her power, from me shall come they that shall destroy her, saith the Lord.

53  If Babylon were to ascend to heaven, and establish her strength on high, her despoilers would go forth from me, says the Lord.”

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54  Hark! a cry from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!

Jer28:54  A sound of a cry in Babylon, and great destruction in the land of the Chaldeans

54  A sound of wailing comes from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans

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55  For YHWH spoileth Babylon, and destroyeth out of her the great voice; and their waves roar like many waters, the noise of their voice is uttered;

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56  For the spoiler is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, their bows are shattered; for YHWH is a God of recompenses, He will surely requite.

Jer28:56  For distress has come upon Babylon, her warriors are taken, their bows are useless: for God recompenses them.

56  For the despoiler has overwhelmed her, that is, Babylon, and her strong ones have been apprehended, and their bow has been weakened. For the Lord, the powerful revenger, will certainly repay.

57  And I will make drunk her princes and her wise men, her governors and her deputies, and her mighty men; and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is YHWH of hosts.

Jer28:57  The Lord recompenses, and will make her leaders and her wise men and her captains completely drunk, saith the King, the Lord Almighty is his name.

57  “And I will inebriate her leaders, and her wise ones, and her military rulers, and her civil rulers, and her strong ones. And they will sleep an everlasting sleep, and they will not awaken,” says the King: the Lord of hosts is his name.

58  Thus saith YHWH of hosts: The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly overthrown, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the peoples shall labour for vanity, and the nations for the fire; and they shall be weary.

Jer28:58  Thus saith the Lord, The wall of Babylon was made broad, but it shall be completely broken down, and her high gates shall be burnt with fire; and the peoples shall not labour in vain, nor the nations fail in their rule.

58  Thus says the Lord of hosts: “That very wide wall of Babylon will be utterly overturned, and her exalted gates will be burned with fire, and the labors of the people will be as nothing, and the labors of the nations will be sent into the fire and will perish.”

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59  The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. Now Seraiah was quartermaster.

Jer28:59  THE WORD WHICH THE LORD COMMANDED THE PROPHET JEREMIAS to say to Saraeas son of Nerias, son of Maasaeas, when he went from Sedekias king of Juda to Babylon, in the fourth year of his reign. And Saraeas was over the bounties.

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60  And Jeremiah wrote in one book all the evil that should come upon Babylon, even all these words that are written concerning Babylon.

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61  And Jeremiah said to Seraiah: 'When thou comest to Babylon, then see that thou read all these words,

Jer28:61  And Jeremias said to Saraeas, When thou art come to Babylon, and shalt see and read all these words;

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62  and say: O YHWH, Thou hast spoken concerning this place, to cut it off, that none shall dwell therein, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate for ever.

Jer28:62  then thou shalt say, O Lord God, thou hast spoken against this place, to destroy it, and that there should be none to dwell in it, neither man nor beast; for it shall be a desolation for ever.

62  you will say: ‘O Lord, you have spoken against this place so that you may destroy it, so that there would not be anyone, from man even to beast, who may live in it, and so that it may be desolate forever.’

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63  And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of the Euphrates;

63  And when you will have completed reading this book, you will tie a stone to it, and you will cast it into the midst of the Euphrates.

63  And when you have finished reading this scroll, then tie a stone to it and throw it into the Euphrates;

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64  and thou shalt say: Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise again because of the evil that I will bring upon her; and they shall be weary.' Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

Jer28:64  and shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and not rise, because of the evils which I bring upon it.

64  And you will say: ‘So shall Babylon be submerged! And she will not rise up before the face of the affliction that I will lead over her. And she will be broken.’ ” The words of Jeremiah thus far.