The Bible in Its Traditions

Genesis 50:1–26

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And Joseph fell upon his father's face, and wept upon him, and kissed him.

Joseph, realizing this, fell upon his father’s face, weeping and kissing him.

And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. And the physicians embalmed Israel.

And he instructed his servant physicians to embalm his father with aromatics.

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And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of embalming. And the Egyptians wept for him threescore and ten days.

And they fulfilled forty days for him, for so are the days of embalming numbered; and Egypt mourned for him seventy days.

And while they were fulfilling his orders, forty days passed. For this was the method of embalming dead bodies. And Egypt wept for him for seventy days.

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And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spoke unto the house of Pharaoh, saying: 'If now I have found favour in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying

And when the time for mourning was fulfilled, Joseph spoke to the family of Pharaoh: “If I have found favor in your sight, speak to the ears of Pharaoh.

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My father made me swear, saying: Lo, I die; in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come back.'

My father adjured me, saying, In the sepulchre which I dug for myself in the land of Chanaan, there thou shalt bury me; now then I will go up and bury my father, and return again.

For my father made me swear, saying: ‘See, I am dying. You shall bury me in my sepulcher which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan.’ Therefore, I shall go up and bury my father, and then return.”

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And Pharaoh said: 'Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.'

And Pharao said to Joseph, Go up, bury thy father, as he constrained thee to swear.

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And Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt,

So as he went up, all the elders of the house of Pharaoh went with him, along with every patriarch in the land of Egypt,

and all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father's house; only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen.

and the house of Joseph with his brothers, except their little ones and flocks and also the herds, which they left behind in the land of Goshen.

And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen; and it was a very great company.

Likewise, he had in his company chariots and horsemen. And it became a crowd without restraint.

10  And they came to the threshing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and there they wailed with a very great and sore wailing; and he made a mourning for his father seven days.

10  And they arrived at the threshing place of Atad, which is situated beyond the Jordan. There they spent seven full days celebrating the funeral rites with a great and vehement lamentation.

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11  And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said: 'This is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians.' Wherefore the name of it was called Abel-mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan.

11  And the inhabitants of the land of Chanaan saw the mourning at the floor of Atad, and said, This is a great mourning to the Egyptians; therefore he called its name, The mourning of Egypt, which is beyond Jordan.

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12  And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them.

12  And thus his sons did to him.

12  And so, the sons of Jacob did just as he had instructed them.

13  For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field, for a possession of a burying-place, of Ephron the Hittite, in front of Mamre.

13  So his sons carried him up into the land of Chanaan, and buried him in the double cave, which cave Abraam bought for possession of a burying place, of Ephrom the Chettite, before Mambre.

13  And carrying him into the land of Canaan, they buried him in the double cave, which Abraham had bought along with its field, from Ephron the Hittite, as a possession for burial, opposite Mamre.

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14  And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.

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15  And when Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead, they said: 'It may be that Joseph will hate us, and will fully requite us all the evil which we did unto him.'

15  And when the brethren of Joseph saw that their father was dead, they said, Let us take heed, lest at any time Joseph remember evil against us, and recompense to us all the evils which we have done against him.

15  Now that he was dead, his brothers were afraid, and they said to one another: “Perhaps now he may remember the injury that he suffered and requite us for all the evil that we did to him.”

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16  And they sent a message unto Joseph, saying: 'Thy father did command before he died, saying

16  And they came to Joseph, and said, Thy father adjured us before his death, saying,

16  So they came to Joseph and said to him, Your father did command before he died, saying,

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17  So shall ye say unto Joseph: Forgive, I pray thee now, the transgression of thy brethren, and their sin, for that they did unto thee evil. And now, we pray thee, forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of thy father.' And Joseph wept when they spoke unto him.

17  Thus say ye to Joseph, Forgive them their injustice and their sin, forasmuch as they have done thee evil; and now pardon the injustice of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept while they spoke to him.

17  Thus shall you say to Joseph, Forgive, we pray you now, the trespass of your brothers and their sins; for they did evil to you; and now forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of your father. And Joseph wept when they spoke to him.

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18  And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said: 'Behold, we are thy bondmen.'

18  And they came to him and said, We, these persons, are thy servants.

18  And his brothers went to him. And reverencing prostrate on the ground, they said, “We are your servants.”

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19  And Joseph said unto them: 'Fear not; for am I in the place of God?

19  And he answered them: “Do not be afraid. Are we able to resist the will of God?

19  But Joseph said to them, Fear not; for I am a servant of God.

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20  And as for you, ye meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive.

20  Ye took counsel against me for evil, but God took counsel for me for good, that the matter might be as it is to-day, and much people might be fed.

20  You devised evil against me. But God turned it into good, so that he might exalt me, just as you presently discern, and so that he might bring about the salvation of many peoples.

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21  Now therefore fear ye not; I will sustain you, and your little ones.' And he comforted them, and spoke kindly unto them.

21  And he said to them, Fear not, I will maintain you, and your families: and he comforted them, and spoke kindly to them.

21  Do not be afraid. I will pasture you and your little ones.” And he consoled them, and he spoke mildly and leniently.

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22  And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father's house; and Joseph lived a hundred and ten years.

22  And he lived in Egypt with all his father’s house; and he survived for one hundred and ten years. And he saw the sons of Ephraim to the third generation. Likewise, the sons of Machir, the son of Manasseh, were born onto Joseph’s knees.

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23  And Joseph saw Ephraim's children of the third generation; the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were born upon Joseph's knees.

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24  And Joseph said unto his brethren: 'I die; but God will surely remember you, and bring you up out of this land unto the land which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.'

24  And Joseph spoke to his brethren, saying, I die, and God will surely visit you, and will bring you out of this land to the land concerning which God sware to our fathers, Abraam, Isaac, and Jacob.

24  After these things happened, he said to his brothers: “God will visit you after my death, and he will make you ascend from this land into the land which he swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.”

25  And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying: 'God will surely remember you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.'

25  And Joseph adjured the sons of Israel, saying, At the visitation with which God shall visit you, then ye shall carry up my bones hence with you.

25  And when he had made them swear and had said, “God will visit you; carry my bones with you from this place,”

26  So Joseph died, being a hundred and ten years old. And they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

26  And Joseph died, aged an hundred and ten years; and they prepared his corpse, and put him in a coffin in Egypt.

26  he died, having completed one hundred and ten years of his life. And having been embalmed with aromatics, he was laid to rest in a coffin in Egypt.