The Bible in Its Traditions

Genesis 41:57–42:24

M G Sam
V
S

57  And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph to buy corn; because the famine was sore in all the earth.

57  And all the provinces came to Egypt, to buy food and to temper the misfortune of their destitution.

57  And the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. And the people from all lands came to Egypt to Joseph to buy grain; because the famine was severe in all lands.

M Sam G
V

42:1  Now Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, and Jacob said unto his sons: 'Why do ye look one upon another?'

Then Jacob, hearing that food was being sold in Egypt, said to his sons: “Why are you negligent?

M Sam
G S
V

42:2  And he said: 'Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt. Get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.'

Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt; go down thither, and buy for us a little food, that we may live, and not die.

I have heard that wheat is being sold in Egypt. Go down and buy necessities for us, so that we may be able to live, and not be consumed by destitution.”

M V Sam
G
S

42:3  And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn from Egypt.

And the ten brethren of Joseph went down to buy corn out of Egypt.

And so Joseph's ten brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.

M S Sam
G
V

42:4  But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said: 'Lest peradventure harm befall him.'

But Jacob sent not Benjamin, the brother of Joseph, with his brethren; for he said, Lest, haply, disease befall him.

Benjamin was kept at home by Jacob, who said to his brothers, “Lest perhaps he may suffer harm on the journey.”

M G S Sam
V

42:5  And the sons of Israel came to buy among those that came; for the famine was in the land of Caanan.

And they entered into the land of Egypt with the others who traveled to buy. For the famine was in the land of Canaan.

42:6  And Joseph was the governor over the land; he it was that sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down to him with their faces to the earth.

And Joseph was governor in the land of Egypt, and grain was sold under his direction to the people. And when his brothers had reverenced him

42:7  And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spoke roughly with them; and he said unto them: 'Whence come ye?' And they said: 'From the land of Canaan to buy food.'

and he had recognized them, he spoke harshly, as if to foreigners, questioning them: “Where did you come from?” And they responded, “From the land of Canaan, to buy necessary provisions.”

M G Sam
V
S

42:8  And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew him not.

And although he knew his brothers, he was not known by them.

And Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him.

42:9  And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them: 'Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.'

And remembering the dreams, which he had seen in another time, he said to them: “You are scouts. You have come in order to see which parts of the land are weaker.”

Then Joseph remembered the dreams which he had dreamed about them, and said to them, You are spies; you have come to get a report about the land.

M V S Sam
G

42:10  And they said unto him: 'Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come.

10  But they said, Nay, Sir, we thy servants are come to buy food;

M G S Sam
V

42:11  We are all one man's sons; we are upright men, thy servants are no spies.'

11  We are all sons of one man. We have come in peace, nor do any of your subjects devise evil.”

M G Sam
V
S

42:12  And he said unto them: 'Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.'

12  And he answered them: “It is otherwise. You have come to examine the unguarded parts of this land.”

12  And Joseph said to them, It is not so, but to get a report about the land you have come.

M G V S Sam

42:13  And they said: 'We thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.'

M G S Sam
V

42:14  And Joseph said unto them: 'That is it that I spoke unto you, saying: Ye are spies.

14  He said: “This is just as I have said. You are scouts.

M Sam G
V
S

42:15  Hereby ye shall be proved, as Pharaoh liveth, ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.

15  I will now continue to put you to the test. By the health of Pharaoh, you will not depart from here, until your youngest brother arrives.

15  By this you shall be proved; by the life of Pharaoh you shall not go forth from this place, except your younger brother comes here.

M G S
V
Sam

42:16  Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be bound, that your words may be proved, whether there be truth in you; or else, as Pharaoh liveth, surely ye are spies.'

16  Send one of you and bring him. But you will be in chains, until what you have said is proven to be either true or false. Otherwise, by the health of Pharaoh, you are scouts.”

16  Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies. And they are saying: not he is able our younger brother to forsake his father, because if he will forsake his father he will die.

M G S Sam
V

42:17  And he put them all together into ward three days.

17  Therefore, he delivered them into custody for three days.

M G Sam
V
S

42:18  And Joseph said unto them the third day. 'This do, and live; for I fear God

18  Then, on the third day, he brought them out of prison, and he said: “Do as I have said, and you will live. For I fear God.

18  And on the third day Joseph said to them, Do this, and live; for I worship God;

M S Sam
G
V

42:19  if ye be upright men, let one of your brethren be bound in your prison-house; but go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses;

19  If ye be peaceable, let one of your brethren be detained in prison; but go ye, and carry back the corn ye have purchased.

19  If you are peaceful, let one of your brothers be bound in prison. Then you may go away and carry the grain that you have bought to your houses.

M G V S Sam

42:20  and bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die.' And they did so.

M S Sam
G
V

42:21  And they said one to another: 'We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.'

21  And each said to his brother, Yes, indeed, for we are in fault concerning our brother, when we disregarded the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we hearkened not to him; and therefore has this affliction come upon us.

21  and they spoke to one another: “We deserve to suffer these things, because we have sinned against our brother, seeing the anguish of his soul, when he begged us and we would not listen. For that reason, this tribulation has come upon us.”

42:22  And Reuben answered them, saying: 'Spoke I not unto you, saying: Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore also, behold, his blood is required.'

22  And Ruben answered them, saying, Did I not speak to you, saying, Hurt not the boy, and ye heard me not? and, behold, his blood is required.

22  And Reuben, one of them, said: “Did not I say to you, ‘Do not sin against the boy,’ and you would not listen to me? See, his blood is exacted.”

M G S Sam
V

42:23  And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for the interpreter was between them.

23  But they did not know that Joseph understood, because he was speaking to them through an interpreter.

M S Sam
G
V

42:24  And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and he returned to them, and spoke to them, and took Simeon from among them, and bound him before their eyes.

24  And Joseph turned away from them, and wept; and again he came to them, and spoke to them; and he took Symeon from them, and bound him before their eyes.

24  And he turned himself away briefly and wept. And returning, he spoke to them.