A project of the Bible in Its Traditions Research Program AISBL
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1 And YHWH appeared unto him by the terebinths of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;
1 And God appeared to him by the oak of Mambre, as he sat by the door of his tent at noon.
1 Then the Lord appeared to him, in the steep valley of Mamre, when he was sitting at the door of his tent, in the very heat of the day.
2 and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood over against him; and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed down to the earth,
2 And when he had lifted up his eyes, there appeared to him three men, standing near him. When he had seen them, he ran to meet them from the door of his tent, and he reverenced them on the ground.
3 and said: 'My lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant.
3 And he said, Lord, if indeed I have found grace in thy sight, pass not by thy servant.
3 And he said: “If I, O lord, have found grace in your eyes, do not pass by your servant.
4 Let now a little water be fetched, and wash your feet, and recline yourselves under the tree.
4 But I will bring a little water, and you may wash your feet and rest under the tree.
5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and stay ye your heart; after that ye shall pass on; forasmuch as ye are come to your servant.' And they said: 'So do, as thou hast said.'
5 And I will set out a meal of bread, so that you may strengthen your heart; after this you will pass on. It is for this reason that you have turned aside to your servant.” And they said, “Do as you have spoken.”
6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said: 'Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes.'
6 Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah, and he said to her, “Quickly, mix together three measures of the finest wheat flour and make loaves baked under the ashes.”
7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf tender and good, and gave it unto the servant; and he hastened to dress it.
7 And Abraam ran to the kine, and took a young calf, tender and good, and gave it to his servant, and he hasted to dress it.
7 In truth, he himself ran to the herd, and he took a calf from there, very tender and very good, and he gave it to a servant, who hurried and boiled it.
8 And he took curd, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.
8 Likewise, he took butter and milk, and the calf which he had boiled, and he placed it before them. Yet truly, he himself stood near them under the tree.
9 And they said unto him: 'Where is Sarah thy wife?' And he said: 'Behold, in the tent.'
9 And he said to him, Where is Sarrha thy wife? And he answered and said, Behold! in the tent.
9 And when they had eaten, they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He answered, “Behold, she is in the tent.”
10 And He said: 'I will certainly return unto thee when the season cometh round; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son.' And Sarah heard in the tent door, which was behind him.--
11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, and well stricken in age; it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.--
11 And Abraam and Sarrha were old, advanced in days, and the custom of women ceased with Sarrha.
11 Now they were both old, and in an advanced state of life, and it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women.
12 And Sarah laughed within herself, saying: 'After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?'
13 And YHWH said unto Abraham: 'Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying: Shall I of a surety bear a child, who am old?
13 And the Lord said to Abraam, Why is it that Sarrha has laughed in herself, saying, Shall I then indeed bear? but I am grown old.
13 Then the Lord said to Abraham: “Why did Sarah laugh, saying: ‘How can I, an old woman, actually give birth?’
14 Is any thing too hard for YHWH. At the set time I will return unto thee, when the season cometh round, and Sarah shall have a son.'
14 Shall anything be impossible with the Lord? At this time I will return to thee seasonably, and Sarrha shall have a son.
14 Is anything difficult for God? According to the announcement, he will return to you at this same time, with life as a companion, and Sarah will have a son.”
15 Then Sarah denied, saying: 'I laughed not'; for she was afraid. And He said: 'Nay; but thou didst laugh.'
15 But Sarrha denied, saying, I did not laugh, for she was afraid. And he said to her, Nay, but thou didst laugh.
15 Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh.” For she was terribly afraid. But the Lord said, “It is not so; for you did laugh.”
16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked out toward Sodom; and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.
16 Therefore, when the men had risen up from there, they directed their eyes against Sodom. And Abraham traveled with them, leading them.
17 And YHWH said: 'Shall I hide from Abraham that which I am doing;
17 And the Lord said, Shall I hide from Abraam my servant what things I intend to do?
18 seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?
18 But Abraam shall become a great and populous nation, and in him shall all the nations of the earth be blest.
18 since he will become a great and very robust nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be blessed?
19 For I have known him, to the end that he may command his children and his household after him, that they may keep the way of YHWH, to do righteousness and justice; to the end that the YHWH may bring upon Abraham that which He hath spoken of him.'
19 For I know that he will order his sons, and his house after him, and they will keep the ways of the Lord, to do justice and judgement, that the Lord may bring upon Abraam all things whatsoever he has spoken to him.
20 And YHWH said: 'Verily, the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and, verily, their sin is exceeding grievous.
20 And the Lord said, The cry of Sodom and Gomorrha has been increased towards me, and their sins are very great.
20 And so the Lord said, “The outcry from Sodom and Gomorrah has been multiplied, and their sin has become exceedingly grievous.
21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto Me; and if not, I will know.'
21 I will therefore go down and see, if they completely correspond with the cry which comes to me, and if not, that I may know.
21 I will descend and see whether they have fulfilled the work of the outcry that has reached me, or whether it is not so, in order that I may know.”
22 And the men turned from thence, and went toward Sodom; but Abraham stood yet before YHWH.
22 And the men having departed thence, came to Sodom; and Abraam was still standing before the Lord.
22 And they turned themselves from there, and they went toward Sodom. Yet in truth, Abraham still stood in the sight of the Lord.
23 And Abraham drew near, and said: 'Wilt Thou indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
23 And Abraam drew nigh and said, Wouldest thou destroy the righteous with the wicked, and shall the righteous be as the wicked?
23 And as they drew near, he said: “Will you destroy the just with the impious?
24 Peradventure there are fifty righteous within the city; wilt Thou indeed sweep away and not forgive the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?
24 Should there be fifty righteous in the city, wilt thou destroy them? wilt thou not spare the whole place for the sake of the fifty righteous, if they be in it?
25 That be far from Thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked, that so the righteous should be as the wicked; that be far from Thee; shall not the judge of all the earth do justly?'
25 By no means shalt thou do as this thing is so as to destroy the righteous with the wicked, so the righteous shall be as the wicked: by no means. Thou that judgest the whole earth, shalt thou not do right?
25 Far be it from you to do this thing, and to kill the just with the impious, and for the just to be treated like the impious. No, this is not like you. You judge all the earth; you would never make such a judgment.”
26 And YHWH said: 'If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will forgive all the place for their sake.'
26 And the Lord said, If there should be in Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole city, and the whole place for their sakes.
27 And Abraham answered and said: 'Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto YHWH, who am but dust and ashes.
27 And Abraam answered and said, Now I have begun to speak to my Lord, and I am earth and ashes.
27 And Abraham responded by saying: “Since now I have begun, I will speak to my Lord, though I am dust and ashes.
28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous; wilt Thou destroy all the city for lack of five?' And He said: 'I will not destroy it, if I find there forty and five.'
28 But if the fifty righteous should be diminished to forty-five, wilt thou destroy the whole city because of the five wanting? And he said, I will not destroy it, if I should find there forty-five.
28 What if there were five less than fifty of the just? Would you, despite the forty-five, eliminate the entire city?” And he said, “I will not eliminate it, if I find forty-five there.”
29 And he spoke unto Him yet again, and said: 'Peradventure there shall be forty found there.' And He said: 'I will not do it for the forty's sake.'
29 And he continued to speak to him still, and said, But if there should be found there forty? And he said, I will not destroy it for the forty’s sake.
29 And again he said to him, “But if forty were found there, what would you do?” He said, “I will not strike, for the sake of the forty.”
30 And he said: 'Oh, let not YHWH be angry, and I will speak. Peradventure there shall thirty be found there.' And He said: 'I will not do it, if I find thirty there.'
30 “I ask you,” he said, “not to be angry, Lord, if I speak. What if thirty were found there?” He responded, “I will not act, if I find thirty there.”
30 Then Abraham said, Oh let not the LORD be displeased and I will speak: Suppose there shall thirty be found there? And he said, I will not destroy it, if I find thirty there.
31 And he said: 'Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto YHWH. Peradventure there shall be twenty found there.' And He said: 'I will not destroy it for the twenty's sake.'
31 And he said, Since I am able to speak to the Lord, what if there should be found there twenty? And he said, I will not destroy it, if I should find there twenty.
31 “Since now I have begun,” he said, “I will speak to my Lord. What if twenty were found there?” He said, “I will not put to death, for the sake of the twenty.”
32 And he said: 'Oh, let not YHWH be angry, and I will speak yet but this once. Peradventure ten shall be found there.' And He said: 'I will not destroy it for the ten's sake.'
32 “I beg you,” he said, “not to be angry, Lord, if I speak yet once more. What if ten were found there?” And he said, “I will not destroy it for the sake of the ten.”
32 And he said, Oh, let not the LORD be displeased, and I will speak only once more; suppose ten shall be found there? And he said, I will not destroy it for the sake of ten.
33 And YHWH went His way, as soon as He had left off speaking to Abraham; and Abraham returned unto his place.
33 And the Lord departed, when he left off speaking to Abraam, and Abraam returned to his place.
33 And the LORD went his way when he had finished communing with Abraham; and Abraham returned to his place.