The Bible in Its Traditions

Genesis 17:1–27

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And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, YHWH appeared to Abram, and said unto him: 'I am God Almighty; walk before Me, and be thou wholehearted.

And Abram was ninety-nine years old, and the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, I am thy God, be well-pleasing before me, and be blameless.

In truth, after he began to be ninety-nine years of age, the Lord appeared to him. And he said to him: “I am the Almighty God. Walk in my sight and become complete.

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And I will make My covenant between Me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.'

And I will set my covenant between me and you. And I will multiply you very exceedingly.”

And Abram fell on his face; and God talked with him, saying

Abram fell prone on his face.

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'As for Me, behold, My covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be the father of a multitude of nations.

And God said to him: “I AM, and my covenant is with you, and you will be the father of many nations.

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Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for the father of a multitude of nations have I made thee.

And thy name shall no more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraam, for I have made thee a father of many nations.

No longer will your name be called Abram. But you will be called Abraham, for I have established you as the father of many nations.

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And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

And I will cause you to increase very greatly, and I will set you among the nations, and kings will come forth from you.

And I will make you fruitful, and multiply you exceedingly; and I will make you father of many nations, and kings shall come out of your loins.

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And I will establish My covenant between Me and thee and thy seed after thee throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee.

And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land of thy sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.'

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And God said unto Abraham: 'And as for thee, thou shalt keep My covenant, thou, and thy seed after thee throughout their generations.

Again God said to Abraham: “And you therefore shall keep my covenant, and your offspring after you in their generations.

And God said to Abraham, You shall keep my covenant, you, and your descendants after you throughout their generations.

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10  This is My covenant, which ye shall keep, between Me and you and thy seed after thee: every male among you shall be circumcised.

10  And this is the covenant which thou shalt fully keep between me and you, and between thy seed after thee for their generations; every male of you shall be circumcised.

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11  And ye shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of a covenant betwixt Me and you.

11  And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, so that it may be a sign of the covenant between me and you.

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12  And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every male throughout your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any foreigner, that is not of thy seed.

12  And the child of eight days old shall be circumcised by you, every male throughout your generations, and the servant born in the house and he that is bought with money, of every son of a stranger, who is not of thy seed.

12  An infant of eight days will be circumcised among you, every male in your generations. So also servants born to you, as well as those bought, shall be circumcised, even those who are not of your stock.

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13  He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised; and My covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

13  And my covenant shall be with your flesh as an eternal covenant.

14  And the uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken My covenant.'

14  The male, the flesh of whose foreskin will not be circumcised, that soul shall be eliminated from his people. For he has made my covenant void.”

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15  And God said unto Abraham: 'As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.

15  God said also to Abraham: “Your wife Sarai, you shall not call Sarai, but Sarah.

15  Then God said to Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, for Sarah is her name.

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16  And I will bless her, and moreover I will give thee a son of her; yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall be of her.'

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17  Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart: 'Shall a child be born unto him that is a hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?'

17  And Abraam fell upon his face, and laughed; and spoke in his heart, saying, Shall there be a child to one who is a hundred years old, and shall Sarrha who is ninety years old, bear?

17  Abraham fell on his face, and he laughed, saying in his heart: “Do you think a son can be born to a one hundred year old man? And will Sarah give birth at the age of ninety?”

18  And Abraham said unto God: 'Oh that Ishmael might live before Thee!'

18  And Abraam said to God, Let this Ismael live before thee.

18  And he said to God, “If only Ishmael would live in your sight.”

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19  And God said: Nay, but Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son; and thou shalt call his name Isaac; and I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his seed after him.

19  And God said to Abraam, Yea, behold, Sarrha thy wife shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name Isaac; and I will establish my covenant with him, for an everlasting covenant, to be a God to him and to his seed after him.

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20  And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee; behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

20  And concerning Ismael, behold, I have heard thee, and, behold, I have blessed him, and will increase him and multiply him exceedingly; twelve nations shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

20  Likewise, concerning Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I will bless and enlarge him, and I will multiply him greatly. He will produce twelve leaders, and I will make him into a great nation.

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21  But My covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.'

21  Yet in truth, I will establish my covenant with Isaac, to whom Sarah will give birth for you at this time next year.”

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22  And He left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

22  And when he had finished speaking with him, God ascended from Abraham.

22  And when God was through talking with him, he went up from Abraham.

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23  And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

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24  And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

24  Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he circumcised the flesh of his foreskin.

25  And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

25  And his son Ishmael had completed thirteen years at the time of his circumcision.

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26  In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

26  And at the period of that day, Abraam was circumcised, and Ismael his son,

26  On the very same day, Abraham was circumcised with his son Ishmael.

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27  And all the men of his house, those born in the house, and those bought with money of a foreigner, were circumcised with him.