The Bible in Its Traditions

Deuteronomy 4:1–49

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And now, O Israel, hearken unto the statutes and unto the ordinances, which I teach you, to do them; that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which YHWH, the God of your fathers, giveth you.

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Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish from it, that ye may keep the commandments of YHWH your God which I command you.

Ye shall not add to the word which I command you, and ye shall not take from it: keep the commandments of the Lord our God, all that I command you this day.

You shall not add to the word which I speak to you, neither shall you take away from it. Preserve the commandments of the Lord your God which I am teaching to you.

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Your eyes have seen what YHWH did in Baal-peor; for all the men that followed the Baal of Peor, the YHWH thy God hath destroyed them from the midst of thee.

Your eyes have seen all that the Lord our God did in the case of Beel-phegor; for every man that went after Beel-phegor, the Lord your God has utterly destroyed him from among you.

Your eyes have seen all that the Lord has done against Baal-peor, in what manner he has crushed all of his worshippers from among you.

But ye that did cleave unto YHWH your God are alive every one of you this day.

But ye that kept close to the Lord your God are all alive to-day.

But you who adhere to the Lord your God are all still alive, to the present day.

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Behold, I have taught you statutes and ordinances, even as YHWH my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the midst of the land whither ye go in to possess it.

You know that I have taught you precepts as well as justices, just as the Lord my God has commanded me. And so shall you do in the land that you will possess.

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Observe therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, that, when they hear all these statutes, shall say: 'Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.'

And ye shall keep and do them: for this is your wisdom and understanding before all nations, as many as shall hear all these ordinances; and they shall say, Behold, this great nation is a wise and understanding people.

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For what great nation is there, that hath God so nigh unto them, as YHWH our God is whensoever we call upon Him?

Neither is there any other nation so great, which has its gods so near to them, as our God is present to all our petitions.

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And what great nation is there, that hath statutes and ordinances so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?

And what manner of nation is so great, which has righteous ordinances and judgements according to all this law, which I set before you this day?

For what other nation is there so renowned as to have ceremonies, and just judgments, and the entire law that I will set forth today before your eyes?

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Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes saw, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life; but make them known unto thy children and thy children's children;

And so, guard yourself and your soul carefully. You should not forget the words that your eyes have seen, and do not let them be cut away from your heart, throughout all the days of your life. You shall teach them to your sons and to your grandsons,

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10  the day that thou stoodest before YHWH thy God in Horeb, when the YHWH said unto me: 'Assemble Me the people, and I will make them hear My words that they may learn to fear Me all the days that they live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children.'

10  even the things that happened in the day in which ye stood before the Lord our God in Choreb in the day of the assembly; for the Lord said to me, Gather the people to me, and let them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days which they live upon the earth, and they shall teach their sons.

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11  And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the heart of heaven, with darkness, cloud, and thick darkness.

11  And you approached the base of the mountain, which was burning even toward heaven. And there was a darkness upon it, and a cloud, and a mist.

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12  And YHWH spoke unto you out of the midst of the fire; ye heard the voice of words, but ye saw no form; only a voice.

12  And the Lord spoke to you out of the midst of the fire a voice of words, which ye heard: and ye saw no likeness, only ye heard a voice.

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13  And He declared unto you His covenant, which He commanded you to perform, even the ten words; and He wrote them upon two tables of stone.

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14  And YHWH commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and ordinances, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.

14  And the Lord commanded me at that time, to teach you ordinances and judgements, that ye should do them on the land, into which ye go to inherit it.

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15  Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves--for ye saw no manner of form on the day that YHWH spoke unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire--

15  And take good heed to your hearts, for ye saw no similitude in the day in which the Lord spoke to you in Choreb in the mountain out of the midst of the fire

15  And so, guard your souls carefully. You saw no likeness on the day that the Lord God spoke to you on Horeb from the midst of fire.

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16  lest ye deal corruptly, and make you a graven image, even the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female,

16  Otherwise, perhaps being deceived, you might have made a graven image, or an image of male or female,

17  the likeness of any beast that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the heaven,

17  a likeness of any of the beasts, which are upon the earth, or of birds, which fly under heaven,

18  the likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the water under the earth;

18  or of reptiles, which move across the earth, or of fish, which abide in the waters under the earth.

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19  and lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun and the moon and the stars, even all the host of heaven, thou be drawn away and worship them, and serve them, which YHWH thy God hath allotted unto all the peoples under the whole heaven.

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20  But you hath YHWH taken and brought forth out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be unto Him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day.

20  But God took you, and led you forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be to him a people of inheritance, as at this day.

20  But the Lord has taken you up, and led you away from the iron furnaces of Egypt, in order to have a people of inheritance, just as it is to the present day.

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21  Now YHWH was angered with me for your sakes, and swore that I should not go over the Jordan, and that I should not go in unto that good land, which the YHWH thy God giveth thee for an inheritance;

21  And the Lord became angry against me because of your words, and he swore that I would not cross over the Jordan, nor enter into the excellent land, which he will give to you.

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22  but I must die in this land, I must not go over the Jordan; but ye are to go over, and possess that good land.

22  For I am to die in this land, and shall not pass over this Jordan; but ye are to pass over, and shall inherit this good land.

22  Behold, I shall die on this soil. I shall not cross over the Jordan. You shall cross it, and you shall possess the singular land.

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23  Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of YHWH your God, which He made with you, and make you a graven image, even the likeness of any thing which the YHWH thy God hath forbidden thee.

23  Take heed to yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the Lord our God, which he made with you, and ye transgress, and make to yourselves a graven image of any of the things concerning which the Lord thy God commanded thee.

23  Be careful, lest you at sometime forget the covenant of the Lord your God, which he has formed with you, and lest you make for yourselves a graven likeness of those things which the Lord has prohibited to be made.

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24  For YHWH thy God is a devouring fire, a jealous God.

24  For the Lord thy God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

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25  When thou shalt beget children, and children's children, and ye shall have been long in the land, and shall deal corruptly, and make a graven image, even the form of any thing, and shall do that which is evil in the sight of YHWH thy God, to provoke Him;

25  And when thou shalt have begotten sons, and shalt have sons’ sons, and ye shall have dwelt a long time on the land, and shall have transgressed, and made a graven image of any thing, and shall have done wickedly before the Lord your God to provoke him;

25  When you will have conceived sons and grandsons while abiding in the land, and if, having been deceived, you make for yourselves any likeness, accomplishing evil in the sight of the Lord your God, so as to provoke him to wrath,

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26  I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over the Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed.

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27  And YHWH shall scatter you among the peoples, and ye shall be left few in number among the nations, whither the YHWH shall lead you away.

27  And the Lord shall scatter you among all nations, and ye shall be left few in number among all the nations, among which the Lord shall bring you.

27  And he will scatter you among all the nations, and few of you will remain among those nations, to which the Lord will lead you.

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28  And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men's hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.

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29  But from thence ye will seek YHWH thy God; and thou shalt find Him, if thou search after Him with all thy heart and with all thy soul.

29  And there ye shall seek the Lord your God, and ye shall find him whenever ye shall seek him with all your heart, and with all your soul in.

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30  In thy distress, when all these things are come upon thee, in the end of days, thou wilt return to YHWH thy God, and hearken unto His voice;

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31  for YHWH thy God is a merciful God; He will not fail thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which He swore unto them.

31  Because the Lord thy God is a God of pity: he will not forsake thee, nor destroy thee; he will not forget the covenant of thy fathers, which the Lord sware to them.

31  For the Lord your God is a merciful God. He will not abandon you, nor will he entirely destroy you, nor will he forget the covenant, which he swore to your fathers.

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32  For ask now of the days past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and from the one end of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it?

32  Ask of the former days which were before thee, from the day when God created man upon the earth, and beginning at the one end of heaven to the other end of heaven, if there has happened any thing like to this great event, if such a thing has been heard

32  Inquire concerning the days of antiquity, which were before you, from the day when God created man upon the earth, from one end of heaven to another, if anything similar has ever occurred, or whether any such thing has ever been known,

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33  Did ever a people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?

33  if a nation have heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard and hast lived;

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34  Or hath God assayed to go and take Him a nation from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by an outstretched arm, and by great terrors, according to all that YHWH your God did for you in Egypt before thine eyes?

34  if God has assayed to go and take to himself a nation out of the midst of another nation with trial, and with signs, and with wonders, and with war, and with a mighty hand, and with a high arm, and with great sights, according to all the things which the Lord our God did in Egypt in thy sight.

34  whether God has acted so as to enter and take for himself a nation from the midst of the nations, by means of tests, signs, and wonders, by means of fighting, and a strong hand, and an outstretched arm, and terrible visions, in accord with all the things which the Lord your God has accomplished for you in Egypt, in the sight of your eyes.

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35  Unto thee it was shown, that thou mightiest know that YHWH, He is God; there is none else beside Him.

35  So that thou shouldest know that the Lord thy God he is God, and there is none beside him.

35  You saw and knew that the LORD is God; there is none else besides him.

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36  Out of heaven He made thee to hear His voice, that He might instruct thee; and upon earth He made thee to see His great fire; and thou didst hear His words out of the midst of the fire.

36  His voice was made audible from heaven to instruct thee, and he shewed thee upon the earth his great fire, and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire.

36  He has caused you to hear his voice from heaven, so that he might teach you. And he showed you his exceedingly great fire on earth, and you heard his words from the midst of the fire.

37  And because He loved thy fathers, and chose their seed after them, and brought thee out with His presence, with His great power, out of Egypt,

37  Because he loved thy fathers, he also chose you their seed after them, and he brought thee himself with his great strength out of Egypt,

37  For he loved your fathers, and he chose their offspring after them. And he led you away from Egypt, advancing before you with his great power,

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38  to drive out nations from before thee greater and mightier than thou, to bring thee in, to give thee their land for an inheritance, as it is this day;

38  to destroy nations great and stronger than thou before thy face, to bring thee in, to give thee their land to inherit, as thou hast it this day.

38  so as to wipe away, upon your arrival, nations, very great and stronger than you, and so as to lead you in, and to present to you their land as a possession, just as you discern in the present day.

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39  know this day, and lay it to thy heart, that YHWH, He is God in heaven above and upon the earth beneath; there is none else.

39  And thou shalt know this day, and shalt consider in thine heart, that the Lord thy God he is God in heaven above, and on the earth beneath, and there is none else but he.

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40  And thou shalt keep His statutes, and His commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days upon the land, which YHWH thy God giveth thee, for ever.

40  Keep his precepts and commandments, which I am teaching to you, so that it may be well with you, and with your sons after you, and so that you may remain for a long time upon the land, which the Lord your God will give to you.”

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41  Then Moses separated three cities beyond the Jordan toward the sunrising;

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42  that the manslayer might flee thither, that slayeth his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in time past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live

42  that the slayer might flee thither, who should have slain his neighbour unintentionally, and should not have hated him in times past, and he shall flee to one of these cities and live

42  so that anyone might flee to these if he has killed his neighbor unwillingly, who was not his enemy a day or two earlier, and so that he would be able to escape to one of these cities

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43  Bezer in the wilderness, in the table-land, for the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, for the Manassites.

43  Bosor in the wilderness, in the plain country of Ruben, and Ramoth in Galaad belonging to Gad, and Gaulon in Basan belonging to Manasse.

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44  And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel;

44  This is the law, which Moses set forth before the sons of Israel.

45  these are the testimonies, and the statutes, and the ordinances, which Moses spoke unto the children of Israel, when they came forth out of Egypt;

45  And these are the testimonies and ceremonies as well as judgments, which he spoke to the sons of Israel, when they departed from Egypt,

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46  beyond the Jordan, in the valley over against Beth-peor, in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, whom Moses and the children of Israel smote, when they came forth out of Egypt;

46  on the other side of Jordan, in the valley near the house of Phogor, in the land of Seon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Esebon, whom Moses and the sons of Israel smote when they came out of the land of Egypt.

46  across the Jordan, in the valley opposite the shrine of Peor, in the land of Sihon, the king of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon, whom Moses struck down. Accordingly, the sons of Israel, having departed from Egypt,

47  and they took his land in possession, and the land of Og king of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan toward the sunrising;

47  And they inherited his land, and the land of Og king of Basan, two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond Jordan eastward.

47  possessed his land, and the land of Og, the king of Bashan, the land of the two kings of the Amorites, who were beyond the Jordan, toward the rising of the sun

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48  from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of Arnon, even unto mount Sion--the same is Hermon--

48  from Aroer, which is situated above the bank of the torrent Arnon, as far as Mount Zion, which is also called Hermon,

48  From Adoer, which is on the edge of the river Arnon, as far as mount Serion, which is Hermon,

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49  and all the Arabah beyond the Jordan eastward, even unto the sea of the Arabah, under the slopes of Pisgah.

49  All Araba beyond Jordan eastward under Asedoth hewn in the rock.

49  the entire plain across the Jordan, from its eastern region, as far as the sea of the wilderness, and even to the base of Mount Pisgah.