The Bible in Its Traditions

Deuteronomy 33:1–29

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And this is the blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.

This is the blessing, with which Moses, the man of God, blessed the sons of Israel before his death.

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And he said: YHWH came from Sinai, and rose from Seir unto them; He shined forth from mount Paran, and He came from the myriads holy, at His right hand was a fiery law unto them.

And he said, The Lord is come from Sina, and has appeared from Seir to us, and has hasted out of the mount of Pharan, with the ten thousands of Cades; on his right hand were his angels with him.

And he said: “The Lord went forth from Sinai, and he arose for us from Seir. He appeared from Mount Paran, and thousands of holy ones were with him. The fiery law was in his right hand.

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Yea, He loveth the peoples, all His holy ones--they are in Thy hand; and they sit down at Thy feet, receiving of Thy words.

And he spared his people, and all his sanctified ones are under thy hands; and they are under thee; and he received of his words

Yea, he supplied their needs; he also made them to be beloved by the nations; he blessed all his saints; and they followed closely after his feet, every one receiving one of his words.

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Moses commanded us a law, an inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.

the law which Moses charged us, an inheritance to the assemblies of Jacob.

Moses instructed us in the law, the inheritance of the multitude of Jacob.

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And there was a king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people were gathered, all the tribes of Israel together.

And he shall be prince with the beloved one, when the princes of the people are gathered together with the tribes of Israel.

The king shall have great righteousness, at the gathering of the princes of the people with the tribes of Israel.

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Let Reuben live, and not die in that his men become few.

Let Ruben live, and not die; and let him be many in number.

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And this for Judah, and he said: Hear, YHWH, the voice of Judah, and bring him in unto his people; his hands shall contend for him, and Thou shalt be a help against his adversaries.

And this is the blessing of Juda; Hear, Lord, the voice of Juda, and do thou visit his people: his hands shall contend for him, and thou shalt be a help from his enemies.

This is the blessing of Judah. “Hear, O Lord, the voice of Judah, and lead him to his people. His hands shall fight for him, and he shall be his helper against his adversaries.”

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And of Levi he said: Thy Thummim and Thy Urim be with Thy holy one, whom Thou didst prove at Massah, with whom Thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah;

And to Levi he said, Give to Levi his manifestations, and his truth to the holy man, whom they tempted in the temptation; they reviled him at the water of strife.

Likewise, to Levi he said: “Your perfection and your doctrine are for your holy man, whom you have proven by temptation, and whom you have judged at the Waters of Contradiction.

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Who said of his father, and of his mother: 'I have not seen him'; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew he his own children; for they have observed Thy word, and keep Thy covenant.

Who says to his father and mother, I have not seen thee; and he knew not his brethren, and he refused to know his sons: he kept thine oracles, and observed thy covenant.

He has said to his father and to his mother, ‘I do not know you,’ and to his brothers, ‘I will disregard you.’ And they have not known their own sons. Such as these have kept your word and have observed your covenant

10  They shall teach Jacob Thine ordinances, and Israel Thy law; they shall put incense before Thee, and whole burnt-offering upon Thine altar.

10  They shall declare thine ordinances to Jacob, and thy law to Israel: they shall place incense in the time of thy wrath continually upon thine altar.

10  your judgments, O Jacob, and your law, O Israel. They shall place incense before your fury and a holocaust upon your altar.

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11  Bless, YHWH, his substance, and accept the work of his hands; smite through the loins of them that rise up against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again.

11  O Lord, bless his strength, and receive the works of his hands. Strike the backs of his enemies, and do not let those who hate him rise up.”

11  Bless, O LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands; smite the loins of his adversaries, and of his enemies, that they rise not again.

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12  Of Benjamin he said: The beloved of YHWH shall dwell in safety by Him; He covereth him all the day, and He dwelleth between his shoulders.

12  And to Benjamin he said, The beloved of the Lord shall dwell in confidence, and God overshadows him always, and he rested between his shoulders.

12  And to Benjamin he said: “The most beloved of the Lord will live confidently in him. He shall remain all day long, as if in a bridal chamber, and he shall rest amid her arms.”

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13  And of Joseph he said: Blessed of YHWH be his land; for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath,

13  And to Joseph he said, His land is of the blessing of the Lord, of the seasons of sky and dew, and of the deeps of wells below,

13  Likewise, to Joseph he said: “His land shall be from the blessing of the Lord, from the fruits of heaven, and from the dew, and from the abyss which lies below,

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14  And for the precious things of the fruits of the sun, and for the precious things of the yield of the moons,

14  from the fruits of the crops under the sun and the moon,

14  With the fruit of the earth brought forth by the sun, with the products brought forth by the moon,

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15  And for the tops of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the everlasting hills,

15  from the top of the ancient mountains, and from the top of the everlasting hills,

15  With the best fruits of the eastern mountains, with the fruit of the eternal hills,

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16  And for the precious things of the earth and the fulness thereof, and the good will of Him that dwelt in the bush; let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the crown of the head of him that is prince among his brethren.

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17  His firstling bullock, majesty is his; and his horns are the horns of the wild-ox; with them he shall gore the peoples all of them, even the ends of the earth; and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.

17  His beauty is as the firstling of his bull, his horns are the horns of a unicorn; with them he shall thrust the nations at once, even from the end of the earth: these are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and these are the thousands of Manasse.

17  His excellence is like that of a first-born bull. His horns are like the horns of a rhinoceros; he shall brandish these against the Gentiles, even to the ends of the earth. These are the multitudes of Ephraim, and these the thousands of Manasseh.”

18  And of Zebulun he said: Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out, and, Issachar, in thy tents.

18  And to Zabulon he said, Rejoice, Zabulon, in thy going out, and Issachar in his tents.

18  And to Zebulun he said: “Rejoice, O Zebulun, in your departure, and Issachar, in your tabernacles.

19  They shall call peoples unto the mountain; there shall they offer sacrifices of righteousness; for they shall suck the abundance of the seas, and the hidden treasures of the sand.

19  They shall utterly destroy the nations, and ye shall call men there, and there offer the sacrifice of righteousness; for the wealth of the sea shall suckle thee, and so shall the marts of them that dwell by the sea-coast.

19  They shall summon the peoples to the mountain. There, they shall immolate the victims of justice, who feed on the flood of the sea, as if on milk, and on the hidden treasures of the sands.”

20  And of Gad he said: Blessed be He that enlargeth Gad; he dwelleth as a lioness, and teareth the arm, yea, the crown of the head.

20  And to Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlarges Gad: as a lion he rested, having broken the arm and the ruler.

20  And to Gad he said: “Blessed is Gad in his breadth. He has rested like a lion, and he has seized the arm and the top of the head.

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21  And he chose a first part for himself, for there a portion of a ruler was reserved; and there came the heads of the people, he executed the righteousness of YHWH, and His ordinances with Israel.

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22  And of Dan he said: Dan is a lion's whelp, that leapeth forth from Bashan.

22  And to Dan he said, Dan is a lion’s whelp, and shall leap out of Basan.

22  Likewise, to Dan he said: “Dan is a young lion. He shall flow plentifully from Bashan.”

23  And of Naphtali he said: O Naphtali, satisfied with favour, and full with the blessing of YHWH: possess thou the sea and the south.

23  And to Nephthali he said, Nephthali has the fulness of good things; and let him be filled with blessing from the Lord: he shall inherit the west and the south.

23  And to Naphtali he said: “Naphtali shall enjoy abundance, and he shall be full of the blessings of the Lord. He shall possess the sea and the Meridian.”

24  And of Asher he said: Blessed be Asher above sons; let him be the favoured of his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil.

24  And to Aser he said, Aser is blessed with children; and he shall be acceptable to his brethren: he shall dip his foot in oil.

24  Likewise, to Asher he said: “Let Asher be blessed with sons. Let him be pleasing to his brothers, and let him dip his foot in oil.

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25  Iron and brass shall be thy bars; and as thy days, so shall thy strength be.

25  His shoe shall be of iron and of brass. As were the days of your youth, so also shall be your old age.

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26  There is none like unto God, O Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven as thy help, and in His excellency on the skies.

26  There is not any such as the God of the beloved; he who rides upon the heaven is thy helper, and the magnificent One of the firmament.

26  There is no other god like the God of the most righteous one. He who rides upon the heavens is your helper. His magnificence scatters the clouds.

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27  The eternal God is a dwelling-place, and underneath are the everlasting arms; and He thrust out the enemy from before thee, and said: 'Destroy.'

27  His habitation is above, and the everlasting arms are below. He shall cast out the enemy before your face, and he shall say: ‘Be utterly broken!’

27  In the heaven of heavens is the dwelling of our God from everlasting, and below he creates men; and he shall destroy your enemies from before you; for he said, Destroy them.

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28  And Israel dwelleth in safety, the fountain of Jacob alone, in a land of corn and wine; yea, his heavens drop down dew.

28  Israel shall live in confidence and alone, as the eye of Jacob in a land of grain and of wine; and the heavens shall be misty with dew.

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29  Happy art thou, O Israel, who is like unto thee? a people saved by YHWH, the shield of thy help, and that is the sword of thy excellency! And thine enemies shall dwindle away before thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high places.

29  Blessed are you, O Israel. Who is like you, the people who are saved by the Lord? He is the shield of your assistance and the sword of your glory. Your enemies will refuse to acknowledge you, and so you shall tread upon their necks.”