The Bible in Its Traditions

Deuteronomy 25:1–19

M Sam G
V

If there be a controversy between men, and they come unto judgment, and the judges judge them, by justifying the righteous, and condemning the wicked,

“If there is a case between persons, and they apply to the judges, they shall give the palm of justice to the one whom they perceive to be just, and they shall condemn of impiety the one who is impious.

then it shall be, if the wicked man deserve to be beaten, that the judge shall cause him to lie down, and to be beaten before his face, according to the measure of his wickedness, by number.

But if they see that the one who has sinned is worthy of stripes, they shall prostrate him and cause him to be beaten before them. According to the measure of the sin, so shall the measure of the stripes be.

M S Sam
G
V

Forty stripes he may give him, he shall not exceed; lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should be dishonoured before thine eyes.

And they shall scourge him with forty stripes in number, they shall not inflict more; for if thou shouldest scourge him with more stripes beyond these stripes, thy brother will be disgraced before thee.

Even so, these shall not exceed the number of forty. Otherwise, your brother may depart, having been wounded shamefully before your eyes.

M G Sam
V S

Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn.

You shall not muzzle an ox as it is treading out your crops in the field.

M Sam G
V

If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not be married abroad unto one not of his kin; her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother unto her.

When brothers are living together, and one of them dies without children, the wife of the deceased shall not marry another. Instead, his brother shall take her, and he shall raise up offspring for his brother.

M S Sam
G
V

And it shall be, that the first-born that she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother that is dead, that his name be not blotted out of Israel.

And it shall come to pass that the child which she shall bear, shall be named by the name of the deceased, and his name shall not be blotted out of Israel.

And the first son from her, he shall call by his brother’s name, so that his name will not be abolished from Israel.

And if the man like not to take his brother's wife, then his brother's wife shall go up to the gate unto the elders, and say: 'My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother unto me.'

And if the man should not be willing to take his brother’s wife, then shall the woman go up to the gate to the elders, and she shall say, My husband’s brother will not raise up the name of his brother in Israel, my husband’s brother has refused.

But if he is not willing to take his brother’s wife, who by law must go to him, the woman shall go to the gate of the city, and she shall call upon those greater by birth, and she shall say: ‘The brother of my husband is not willing to raise up his brother’s name in Israel; nor will he join with me.’

Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him; and if he stand, and say: 'I like not to take her';

And the elders of his city shall call him, and speak to him; and if he stand and say, I will not take her

And immediately, they shall summon him to be sent, and they shall question him. If he responds, ‘I am not willing to accept her as a wife,’

M Sam
G S
V

then shall his brother's wife draw nigh unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face; and she shall answer and say: 'So shall it be done unto the man that doth not build up his brother's house.'

then his brother’s wife shall come forward before the elders, and shall loose one shoe from off his foot, and shall spit in his face, and shall answer and say, Thus shall they do to the man who will not build his brother’s house in Israel.

then the woman shall approach him in the sight of the elders, and she shall remove his shoe from his foot, and she shall spit in his face, and she shall say: ‘So shall it be done to the man who was not willing to build up his brother’s house.’

M G V S Sam

10  And his name shall be called in Israel The house of him that had his shoe loosed.

M Sam G V

11  When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draweth near to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and taketh him by the secrets;

M Sam
G S
V

12  then thou shalt cut off her hand, thine eye shall have no pity.

12  thou shalt cut off her hand; thine eye shall not spare her.

12  then you shall cut off her hand. Neither shall you weep over her with any mercy.

M G Sam
V S

13  Thou shalt not have in thy bag diverse weights, a great and a small.

13  You shall not have differing weights, greater and lesser, in your bag.

M G Sam
V
S

14  Thou shalt not have in thy house diverse measures, a great and a small.

14  Neither shall there be in your house a greater and a lesser measure.

14  You shall not have in your house different measures, a large and a small.

M Sam
G
V S

15  A perfect and just weight shalt thou have; a perfect and just measure shalt thou have; that thy days may be long upon the land which YHWH thy God giveth thee.

15  Thou shalt have a true and just weight, and a true and just measure, that thou mayest live long upon the land which the Lord thy God gives thee for an inheritance.

15  You shall have a just and a true weight, and your measure shall be equal and true, so that you may live for a long time upon the land, which the Lord your God will give to you.

M Sam
G V

16  For all that do such things, even all that do unrighteously, are an abomination unto YHWH thy God.

16  For every one that does this is an abomination to the Lord thy God, even every one that does injustice.

M V S Sam
G

17  Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way as ye came forth out of Egypt;

17  Remember what things Amalec did to thee by the way, when thou wentest forth out of the land of Egypt

M Sam G
V

18  how he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, all that were enfeebled in thy rear, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.

18  how he met you and cut down the stragglers of the troops, who were sitting down, exhausted, when you were consumed by hunger and hardship, and how he did not fear God.

M Sam G
V S

19  Therefore it shall be, when YHWH thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the YHWH thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget.

19  Therefore, when the Lord your God will give you rest, and you will have subdued all the surrounding nations, in the land which he has promised to you, you shall delete his name from under heaven. Take care not to forget this.”