The Bible in Its Traditions

Deuteronomy 14:3–21

M G S Sam
V

Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing.

You shall not eat the things that are unclean.

M G V S
Sam

These are the beasts which ye may eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

And these are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, and the sheep, and the goat

M Sam V
G

the hart, and the gazelle, and the roebuck, and the wild goat, and the pygarg, and the antelope, and the mountain-sheep.

the stag, and doe, and pygarg, and wild goat, and camelopard.

M Sam
G V
S

And every beast that parteth the hoof, and hath the hoof wholly cloven in two, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that ye may eat.

Every beast that divides the hoofs, and makes claws of two divisions, and that chews the cud among beasts, these ye shall eat.

Every animal that parts the hoof and has the hoof divided into two parts and chews the cud among the animals, that you shall eat.

M Sam
G V

Nevertheless these ye shall not eat of them that only chew the cud, or of them that only have the hoof cloven: the camel, and the hare, and the rock-badger, because they chew the cud but part not the hoof, they are unclean unto you;

And these ye shall not eat of them that chew the cud, and of those that divide the hoofs, and make distinct claws; the camel, and the hare, and the rabbit; because they chew the cud, and do not divide the hoof, these are unclean to you.

M S Sam
G
V

and the swine, because he parteth the hoof but cheweth not the cud, he is unclean unto you; of their flesh ye shall not eat, and their carcasses ye shall not touch.

And as for the swine, because he divides the hoof, and makes claws of the hoof, yet he chews not the cud, he is unclean to you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, ye shall not touch their dead bodies.

The pig also, since it has a divided hoof, but does not chew over again, shall be unclean. Their flesh shall not be eaten, and you shall not touch their carcasses.

M
G Sam
V S

These ye may eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales may ye eat;

And these ye shall eat of all that are in the water, ye shall eat all that have fins and scales.

These you shall eat out of all that dwells in the waters: whatever has fins and scales, you shall eat.

M G S Sam
V

10  and whatsoever hath not fins and scales ye shall not eat; it is unclean unto you.

10  Whatever is without fins and scales, you shall not eat, for these are unclean.

M S Sam
G
V

11  Of all clean birds ye may eat.

11  Ye shall eat every clean bird.

11  All the clean birds, you shall eat.

12  But these are they of which ye shall not eat: the great vulture, and the bearded vulture, and the ospray;

12  And these of them ye shall not eat; the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the sea-eagle,

12  You shall not eat those that are unclean: such as the eagle, and the griffin, and the osprey,

M Sam G
V
S

13  and the glede, and the falcon, and the kite after its kinds;

13  the crane, and the vulture, and the kite, according to their kind,

13  The ostrich, and the hawk after its kind,

M G Sam
V

14  and every raven after its kinds;

14  and any kind of raven,

M V Sam
G
S

15  and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-mew, and the hawk after its kinds;

15  and the sparrow, and the owl, and the seamew,

15  The owl, the pelican, the crow,

M S
G V
Sam

16  the little owl, and the great owl, and the horned owl;

16  and the heron, and the swan, and the stork,

16  And the little owl, and the osprey, and the great owl, and the swan

M Sam
G V
S

17  and the pelican, and the carrion-vulture, and the cormorant;

17  and the cormorant, and the hawk, and its like, and the hoopoe, and the raven,

17  The stork, the hoopoe after its kind,

M Sam G
V
S

18  and the stork, and the heron after its kinds, and the hoopoe, and the bat.

18  the pelican and the plover, each in their kind, likewise the crested hoopoe and the bat.

18  The desert cock, and the peacock,

M G V S
Sam

19  And all winged swarming things are unclean unto you; they shall not be eaten.

19  And every creeping thing that flieth is unclean unto you: from them it shall not be eaten.

M Sam
G
V S Sam

20  Of all clean winged things ye may eat.

20  Ye shall eat every clean bird.

20  All that is clean, you shall eat.

M Sam G
V
S

21  Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself; thou mayest give it unto the stranger that is within thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto a foreigner; for thou art a holy people unto YHWH thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in its mother's milk.

21  But whatever has died of itself, you shall not eat from it. Give it to the sojourner, who is within your gates, so that he may eat, or sell it to him. For you are the holy people of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a young goat in the milk of his mother.

21  You shall not eat of anything that is unclean, but you shall give it to the stranger who is in your towns, that he may eat it.

22  Or you may sell it to an alien; for you are a holy people to the LORD your God. You shall not cook a kid in its mother's milk.