The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Samuel 17:12–25

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12  Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons; and the man was an old man in the days of Saul, stricken in years among men.

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13  And the three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle; and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

13  Now his three eldest sons followed Saul into battle. And the names of his three sons, who went to the battle, were Eliab, the firstborn, and the second, Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

13  And the three older sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle; and their names were Eliab the first-born, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

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14  And David was the youngest; and the three eldest followed Saul.--

14  But David was the youngest. Therefore, when the three eldest had followed Saul,

15  Now David went to and fro from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Beth-lehem.--

15  David went away from Saul, and he returned, so that he might pasture the flock of his father at Bethlehem.

16  And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.

16  Truly, the Philistine advanced morning and evening, and he stood forth, for forty days.

17  And Jesse said unto David his son: 'Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to thy brethren.

17  Now Jesse said to his son David: “Take, for your brothers, an ephah of cooked grain, and these ten loaves, and hurry to the camp, to your brothers.

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18  And bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and to thy brethren shalt thou bring greetings, and take their pledge;

18  And you shall carry these ten little cheeses to the tribune. And visit your brothers, to see if they are doing well. And learn with whom they have been stationed.”

18  And carry these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand and inquire into the welfare of your brothers and bring the news of them to me.

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19  now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, are in the vale of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.'

19  But they were in the valley of Terebinth, with Saul and all the sons of Israel, fighting against the Philistines.

20  And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the barricade, as the host which was going forth to the fight shouted for the battle.

20  And so, David rose up in the morning, and he commended the flock to the caretaker. And he went away burdened, just as Jesse had instructed him. And he went to the place of the battle line, and to the army, which, in going out to fight, was shouting in the conflict.

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21  And Israel and the Philistines put the battle in array, army against army.

21  For Israel had positioned their troops, but the Philistines also had prepared themselves against them.

21  Then Israel and the Philistines put themselves in battle array, army against army.

22  And David left his baggage in the hand of the keeper of the baggage, and ran to the army, and came and greeted his brethren.

22  Then, leaving the items that he had brought under the hand of the keeper of baggage, David ran to the place of the conflict. And he was asking if all was going well with his brothers.

22  And David put off his provisions by the side of the baggage, and ran into the army ranks, and came and saluted his brothers.

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23  And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the ranks of the Philistines, and spoke according to the same words; and David heard them.

23  And while he was still speaking with them, there appeared the man of spurious descent, whose name was Goliath, the Philistine of Gath, ascending from the camp of the Philistines. And he was speaking in these same words, which David heard.

24  And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid.

24  Then all the Israelites, when they had seen the man, fled from his face, fearing him greatly.

25  And the men of Israel said: 'Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to taunt Israel is he come up; and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.'

25  And someone of Israel said: “Have you seen this man, who has risen up. For he ascended in order to reproach Israel. Therefore, the man who will strike him down, the king will enrich with great wealth, and will give to him his daughter, and will cause his father’s house to be free of tribute in Israel.”