The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Samuel 16:1–23

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And YHWH said unto Samuel: 'How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from being king over Israel? fill thy horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Beth-lehemite; for I have provided Me a king among his sons.'

And the Lord said to Samuel, How long dost thou mourn for Saul, whereas I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill thy horn with oil, and come, I will send thee to Jessae, to Bethleem; for I have seen among his sons a king for me.

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And Samuel said: 'How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me.' And YHWH said: 'Take a heifer with thee, and say: I am come to sacrifice to the YHWH.

And Samuel said: “How shall I go? For Saul will hear of it, and he will put me to death.” And the Lord said: “You shall take, by your hand, a calf from the herd. And you shall say, ‘I have arrived in order to immolate to the Lord.’

And Samuel said, How can I go? If Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the LORD said to Samuel, Take a heifer with you, and say, I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.

And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will tell thee what thou shalt do; and thou shalt anoint unto Me him whom I name unto thee.'

And you shall call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will reveal to you what you should do. And you shall anoint whomever I will indicate to you.”

And invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; and you shall anoint to me him whom I name unto you.

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And Samuel did that which YHWH spoke, and came to Beth-lehem. And the elders of the city came to meet him trembling, and said: 'Comest thou peaceably?'

And Samuel did all that the Lord told him; and he came to Bethleem: and the elders of the city were amazed at meeting him, and said, Dost thou come peaceably, thou Seer?

Therefore, Samuel did just as the Lord told him. And he went to Bethlehem, and the elders of the city wondered. And meeting him, they said, “Is your arrival peaceful?”

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And he said: 'Peaceably; I am come to sacrifice unto YHWH; sanctify yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice.' And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.

And he said: “It is peaceful. I have arrived in order to immolate to the Lord. Be sanctified, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and he called them to the sacrifice.

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And it came to pass, when they were come, that he beheld Eliab, and said: 'Surely YHWH'S anointed is before Him.'

And when they had entered, he saw Eliab, and he said, “Could he be the Christ in the sight of the Lord?”

And when they were come, he looked to Eliab, and said, Surely the LORD'S anointed is like him.

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But YHWH said unto Samuel: 'Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have rejected him; for it is not as man seeth: for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the YHWH looketh on the heart.'

But the Lord said to Samuel, Look not on his appearance, nor on his stature, for I have rejected him; for God sees not as man looks; for man looks at the outward appearance, but God looks at the heart.

And the Lord said to Samuel: “You should not look with favor on his face, nor on the height of his stature. For I have rejected him. Neither do I judge by the appearance of a man. For man sees those things that are apparent, but the Lord beholds the heart.”

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Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said: 'Neither hath YHWH chosen this.'

And Jessae called Aminadab, and he passed before Samuel: and he said, Neither has God chosen this one.

And Jesse called Abinadab, and he brought him before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the Lord chosen this one.”

Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said: 'Neither hath YHWH chosen this.'

And Jessae caused Sama to pass by: and he said, Neither has God chosen this one.

Then Jesse brought Shammah. And he said about him, “And the Lord has not chosen this one.”

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10  And Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse: 'YHWH hath not chosen these.'

10  And so Jesse brought his seven sons before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The Lord has not chosen any of these.”

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11  And Samuel said unto Jesse: 'Are here all thy children?' And he said: 'There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep.' And Samuel said unto Jesse: 'Send and fetch him; for we will not sit down till he come hither.'

11  And Samuel said to Jessae, Hast thou no more sons? And Jessae said, There is yet a little one; behold, he tends the flock. And Samuel said to Jessae, Send and fetch him for we may not sit down till he comes.

11  And Samuel said to Jesse, “Could the sons now be completed?” But he responded, “There still remains a little one, and he pastures the sheep.” And Samuel said to Jesse: “Send and bring him. For we shall not recline to eat, until he arrives here.”

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12  And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of beautiful eyes, and goodly to look upon. And YHWH said: 'Arise, anoint him; for this is he.'

12  Therefore, he sent and brought him. Now he was ruddy, and beautiful to behold, and with a stately face. And the Lord said, “Rise up, anoint him! For it is he.”

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13  Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren; and the spirit of YHWH came mightily upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.

13  And Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward: and Samuel arose, and departed to Armathaim.

13  Therefore, Samuel took the horn of oil, and he anointed him in the midst of his brothers. And the Spirit of the Lord was guiding David from that day and thereafter. And Samuel rose up, and he went away to Ramah.

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14  Now the spirit of YHWH had departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the YHWH terrified him.

14  And the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord tormented him.

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15  And Saul's servants said unto him: 'Behold now, an evil spirit from God terrifieth thee.

15  And the servants of Saul said to him: “Behold, an evil spirit from God disturbs you.

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16  Let our lord now command thy servants, that are before thee, to seek out a man who is a skilful player on the harp; and it shall be, when the evil spirit from God cometh upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.'

16  May our lord order, and your servants, who are before you, will seek a man skillful in playing a stringed instrument, so that when the evil spirit from the Lord assails you, he may play with his hand, and you may bear it more easily.”

16  Let them seek out a man who can play well on the harp; and when the evil spirit is upon you, he will play with his hands, and you shall be well.

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17  And Saul said unto his servants: 'Provide me now a man that can play well, and bring him to me.'

17  And Saul said to his servants, Look now out for me a skillful player, and bring him to me.

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18  Then answered one of the young men, and said: 'Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Beth-lehemite, that is skilful in playing, and a mighty man of valour, and a man of war, and prudent in affairs, and a comely person, and YHWH is with him.'

18  And one of his servants answered and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jessae the Bethleemite, and he understands playing on the harp, and the man is prudent, and a warrior, and wise in speech, and the man is handsome, and the Lord is with him.

18  And one of the servants, responding, said: “Behold, I have seen the son of Jesse of Bethlehem, a skillful player, and very strong and robust, a man fit for war, and prudent in words, a handsome man. And the Lord is with him.”

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19  Wherefore Saul sent messengers unto Jesse, and said: 'Send me David thy son, who is with the sheep.'

19  And Saul sent messengers to Jessae, saying, Send to me thy son David who is with thy flock.

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20  And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

20  And Jessae took a homer of bread, and a bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and sent them by the hand of his son David to Saul.

20  And so, Jesse took a donkey laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid from one of the goats, and he sent them, by the hand of his son David, to Saul.

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21  And David came to Saul, and stood before him; and he loved him greatly; and he became his armour-bearer.

22  And Saul sent to Jesse, saying: 'Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight.'

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23  And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took the harp, and played with his hand; so Saul found relief, and it was well with him, and the evil spirit departed from him.

23  And so, whenever the evil spirit from the Lord assailed Saul, David took up his stringed instrument, and he struck it with his hand, and Saul was refreshed and uplifted. For the evil spirit withdrew from him.

23  And whenever the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, David took a harp, and played on it; so Saul was refreshed and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.