The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Maccabees 4:36–61

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36  Then Judas and his brothers said: “Behold, our enemies have been crushed. Let us go up now to cleanse and renew the holy places.”

36  Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are discomfited: let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.

37  And all the army gathered together, and they ascended to Mount Zion.

37  Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and went up into mount Sion.

38  And they saw the sanctuary deserted, and the altar profaned, and the gates burned, and weeds growing up in the courts, as in a forest or as on the mountains, and the adjoining chambers demolished.

38  And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar profaned, and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the courts as in a forest, or in one of the mountains, yea, and the priests’ chambers pulled down;

39  And they rent their garments, and they made a great wailing, and they placed ashes on their heads.

39  They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and cast ashes upon their heads,

40  And they fell to the ground on their faces, and they sounded the trumpets of alarm, and they cried out toward heaven.

40  And fell down flat to the ground upon their faces, and blew an alarm with the trumpets, and cried toward heaven.

41  Then Judas numbered men to fight against those who were in the stronghold, until they had cleansed the holy places.

41  Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those that were in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.

42  And he chose priests without blemish, whose will held to the law of God.

42  So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had pleasure in the law

43  And they cleansed the holy places, and they took away the stones of defilement to an unclean place.

43  Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones into an unclean place.

44  And he considered the altar of holocausts, which had been profaned, as to what he should do with it.

44  And when as they consulted what to do with the altar of burnt offerings, which was profaned;

45  And a good counsel fell upon them, to destroy it, lest it might become a reproach to them, because the Gentiles had defiled it; so they demolished it.

45  They thought it best to pull it down, lest it should be a reproach to them, because the heathen had defiled it: wherefore they pulled it down,

46  And they stored the stones in the mountain house, in a fitting place, until there should come a prophet, who would provide an answer about these.

46  And laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple in a convenient place, until there should come a prophet to shew what should be done with them.

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47  Then they took whole stones, according to the law, and they built a new altar, according to that which was before.

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48  And they rebuilt the holy places and the things that were in the inner parts of the temple, and they sanctified the temple and the courts.

48  And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were within the temple, and hallowed the courts.

49  And they made new holy vessels, and they brought the lampstand, and the altar of incense, and the table into the temple.

49  They made also new holy vessels, and into the temple they brought the candlestick, and the altar of burnt offerings, and of incense, and the table.

50  And they placed incense on the altar, and they lit the lamps, which were on the lampstand, and they gave light in the temple.

50  And upon the altar they burned incense, and the lamps that were upon the candlestick they lighted, that they might give light in the temple.

51  And they placed the bread on the table, and they hung up the veils, and they completed all the works which they had begun.

51  Furthermore they set the loaves upon the table, and spread out the veils, and finished all the works which they had begun to make.

52  And they arose before the morning, on the twenty-fifth day of the ninth month, (which is the month of Kislev) in the one hundred and forty-eighth year.

52  Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which is called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth year, they rose up betimes in the morning,

53  And they offered sacrifice, according to the law, on the new altar of holocausts that they made.

53  And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of burnt offerings, which they had made.

54  According to the time and according to the day, on which the Gentiles had contaminated it, on the same day, it was renewed with canticles, and lutes, and lyres, and cymbals.

54  Look, at what time and what day the heathen had profaned it, even in that was it dedicated with songs, and citherns, and harps, and cymbals.

55  And all the people fell upon their faces, and they adored, and they blessed, toward heaven, him that had prospered them.

55  Then all the people fell upon their faces, worshipping and praising the God of heaven, who had given them good success.

56  And they kept the dedication of the altar for eight days, and they offered holocausts with joy, and sacrifices of salvation and praise.

56  And so they kept the dedication of the altar eight days and offered burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the sacrifice of deliverance and praise.

57  And they adorned the face of the temple with crowns of gold and small shields. And they dedicated the gates and the adjoining chambers, and they set up doors on them.

57  They decked also the forefront of the temple with crowns of gold, and with shields; and the gates and the chambers they renewed, and hanged doors upon them.

58  And there was very great rejoicing among the people, and the disgrace of the Gentiles was averted.

58  Thus was there very great gladness among the people, for that the reproach of the heathen was put away.

59  And Judas, and his brothers, and all the assembly of Israel decreed that the day of the dedication of the altar must be kept in its time, from year to year, for eight days, from the twenty-fifth day of the month of Kislev, with joy and gladness.

59  Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole congregation of Israel ordained, that the days of the dedication of the altar should be kept in their season from year to year by the space of eight days, from the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu, with mirth and gladness.

60  And they built up, at that time, Mount Zion, with high walls and strong towers all around, lest the Gentiles should at any time come and trample upon it, as they did before.

60  At that time also they builded up the mount Sion with high walls and strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should come and tread it down as they had done before.

61  And he stationed a garrison there, to keep it, and he fortified it, in order to guard Bethzur, so that the people might have a fortification opposite the face of Idumea.

61  And they set there a garrison to keep it, and fortified Bethsura to preserve it; that the people might have a defence against Idumea.