The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Maccabees 13:31–42


31  But Trypho, when he was on a journey with the young king, Antiochus, killed him by deceit.

1Mc13:31  Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus, and slew him.


32  And he reigned in his place, and he put on the diadem of Asia, and he caused great scourges upon the land.


33  And Simon built up the strongholds of Judea, fortifying them with high towers, and great walls, and gates and bars. And he placed provisions in the fortresses.

1Mc13:33  Then Simon built up the strong holds in Judea, and fenced them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up victuals therein.

34  And Simon chose men, and he sent to king Demetrius, so that he would grant a remission to the region, for all that Trypho did was to carry out plundering.

1Mc13:34  Moreover Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the end he should give the land an immunity, because all that Tryphon did was to spoil.

35  And king Demetrius responded to this word, and he wrote a letter in this manner

1Mc13:35  Unto whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this manner


36  “King Demetrius to Simon, the high priest and friend of kings, and to the elders, and to the people of the Jews: greetings.


37  The golden crown and the bahem that you sent, we have received. And we are prepared to make a great peace with you, and to write to the officers of the king to remit to you the things that we have released.

1Mc13:37  The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which ye sent unto us, we have received: and we are ready to make a stedfast peace with you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to confirm the immunities which we have granted.

38  For whatever we have established remains in force for you. The strongholds that you have built, let them be yours.

1Mc13:38  And whatsoever covenants we have made with you shall stand; and the strong holds, which ye have builded, shall be your own.

39  Likewise, any oversight or fault, even to this day, we forgive it, along with the crown that you owed. And if anything else was taxed in Jerusalem, now let it not be taxed.

1Mc13:39  As for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we forgive it, and the crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if there were any other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no more be paid.

40  And if any of you is fit to be enrolled among our own, let them be enrolled. And let there be peace between us.”

1Mc13:40  And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then be enrolled, and let there be peace betwixt us.

41  In the one hundred and seventieth year, the yoke of the Gentiles was taken away from Israel.

1Mc13:41  Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in the hundred and seventieth year.

42  And the people of Israel began to write in the tablets and the public records, in the first year under Simon: high priest, great commander, and leader of the Jews.

1Mc13:42  Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments and contracts, In the first year of Simon the high priest, the governor and leader of the Jews.