The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Chronicles 23:1–32

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Now David was old and full of days; and he made Solomon his son king over Israel.

Then David, being old and full of days, appointed his son Solomon as king over Israel.

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And he gathered together all the princes of Israel, with the priests and the Levites.

And he assembled all the chief men of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites.

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And the Levites were numbered from thirty years old and upward; and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand.

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Of these, twenty and four thousand were to oversee the work of the house of YHWH; and six thousand were officers and judges;

Of them David appointed overseers over the work of the house of the LORD, twenty-four men over every thousand workers; and judges and scribes, six men over each hundred workers

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and four thousand were doorkeepers; and four thousand praised YHWH 'with the instruments which I made to praise therewith.'

Moreover, four thousand were porters. And the same number were the singers of psalms to the Lord, with the musical instruments which he had made for the music.

To look after the building, to carry on their work, to oversee the resources and the work, and to give an accounting of wealth and the alms which they had distributed to the poor.

And David divided them into courses according to the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

And David distributed them into courses according to the sons of Levi, specifically, Gershom, and Kohath, and Merari.

And David appointed administrators and managers over the poor and needy, to provide and distribute to the poor; one person over each ten, and they lacked nothing. And David appointed them all in their courses according to the sons of Levi; namely, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

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Of the Gershonites: Ladan, and Shimei.

And for the family of Gedson, Edan, and Semei.

The sons of Gershom: Ladan and Shimei.

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The sons of Ladan: Jehiel the chief, and Zetham, and Joel, three.

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The sons of Shimei: Shelomith, and Haziel, and Haran, three. These were the heads of the fathers' houses of Ladan.

The sons of Semei; Salomith, Jeiel, and Dan, three: these were the chiefs of the families of Edan.

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10  And the sons of Shimei: Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei.

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11  And Jahath was the chief, and Zizah the second; but Jeush and Beriah had not many sons; therefore they became a fathers' house in one reckoning.

11  And Jeth was the chief, and Ziza the second: and Joas and Beria did not multiply sons, and they became only one reckoning according to the house of their father.

11  Now Jahath was first, Zizah second, but Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, and for this reason they were reckoned as one family and one house.

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12  The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four.

13  The sons of Amram: Aaron and Moses; and Aaron was separated, that he should be sanctified as most holy, he and his sons for ever, to offer before YHWH, to minister unto Him, and to bless in His name for ever.

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14  But as for Moses the man of God, his sons are named among the tribe of Levi.

14  And as for Moses the man of God, his sons were reckoned to the tribe of Levi.

14  The sons of Moses, the man of God, were also numbered in the tribe of Levi.

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15  The sons of Moses: Gershom, and Eliezer.

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16  The sons of Gershom: Shebuel the chief.

16  The son of Gershon was Samuel his first-born.

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17  And the sons of Eliezer were: Rehabiah the chief. And Eliezer had no other sons; but the sons of Rehabiah were very many.

17  Now the sons of Eliezer were Rehabiah the first. And there were no other sons for Eliezer. But the sons of Rehabiah were multiplied exceedingly.

17  And the son of Eliezer was Arhimah his first-born. And Eliezer had no other sons; but the son of Arhimah was Ribbi his first-born.

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18  The sons of Izhar: Shelomith the chief.

18  And the son of Izhar was Shelomith his first-born.

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19  The sons of Hebron: Jeriah the chief, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.

20  The sons of Uzziel: Micah the chief, and Isshiah the second.

21  The sons of Merari: Mahli, and Mushi. The sons of Mahli: Eleazar, and Kish.

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22  And Eleazar died, and had no sons, but daughters only; and their brethren the sons of Kish took them to wife.

22  Then Eleazar died, and had no sons, but only daughters. And so the sons of Kish, their brothers, married them.

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23  The sons of Mushi: Mahli, and Eder, and Jeremoth, three.

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24  These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of the fathers' houses, according to their muster, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of YHWH, from twenty years old and upward.

24  These are the sons of Levi according to the houses of their fathers; chiefs of their families according to their numbering, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, doing the works of service of the house of the Lord, from twenty years old and upward.

24  These are the sons of Levi, in their kindred and families, leaders in turns, and the number of each of the heads who were doing the works of the ministry of the house of the Lord, from twenty years of age and upward.

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25  For David said: 'YHWH, the God of Israel, hath given rest unto His people, and He dwelleth in Jerusalem for ever;

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26  and also the Levites shall no more have need to carry the tabernacle and all the vessels of it for the service thereof.'

26  And the Levites bore not the tabernacle, and all the vessels of it for its service.

26  Neither shall it be the office of the Levites any more to carry the tabernacle with all its equipment for use in the ministry.”

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27  For by the last ordinances of David the sons of Levi were numbered from twenty years old and upward.

27  Also, according to the last precepts of David, the sons of Levi shall be counted by number from twenty years of age and upward.

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28  For their station was at the side of the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of YHWH, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, even the work of the service of the house of God;

28  And they shall be under the hand of the sons of Aaron, in the care of the house of the Lord, in the vestibule, and in the chambers, and in the place of purification, and in the sanctuary, and in all the works of the ministry of the temple of the Lord.

28  Because he appointed them to the office to help the sons of Aaron to be overseers in the house of the LORD, over those who sound with straight and curved trumpets, and over the chambers in which the holy vessels of the LORD were stored;

29  for the showbread also, and for the fine flour for a meal-offering, whether of unleavened wafers, or of that which is baked on the griddle, or of that which is soaked, and for all manner of measure and size;

29  But the priests shall be over the bread of the presence, and the sacrifice of fine wheat flour, and the unleavened cakes, and the frying pan, and the roasting, and over every weight and measure.

29  And over the shewbread and the fine flour for meal offering and the unleavened cakes and over all those who sing and offer thanks,

30  and to stand every morning to thank and praise YHWH, and likewise at even;

30  Yet truly, the Levites shall stand to confess and to sing to the Lord, in the morning, and similarly in the evening,

30  And that they might arise every morning to thank and praise the LORD, and likewise at evening,

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31  and to offer all burnt-offerings unto YHWH, on the sabbaths, on the new moons, and in the appointed seasons, in number according to the ordinance concerning them, continually, before the YHWH;

31  and to be over all the whole-burnt-offerings that were offered up to the Lord on the sabbaths, and at the new moons, and at the feasts, by number, according to the order given to them, continually before the Lord.

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32  and that they should keep the charge of the tent of meeting, and the charge of the holy place, and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, for the service of the house of YHWH.

32  And let them keep the observances of the tabernacle of the covenant, and the rituals of the sanctuary, and the observance of the sons of Aaron, their brothers, so that they may minister in the house of the Lord.

32  And that they should have charge of the vessels of the tabernacle of the congregation and charge of the vessels of the sanctuary and charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren when they were needed to minister in the house of the LORD.