The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Chronicles 12:1–23

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Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he was yet shut up because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, his helpers in war.

1Chr12:2  bending the bow, and using either hand in casting stones with slings, and shooting arrows. From the brothers of Saul, out of Benjamin

NOW these are all the mighty men of David, who stood by him in the battle, and they came with David to the city of Zinklag, when he fled from Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who stood before David. If David had wished, they would have slain Saul the son of Kish, for they were mighty men of war, but David would not permit them to slay Saul.

They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in slinging stones and in shooting arrows from the bow; they were of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.

1Chr12:3  the leader was Ahiezer, with Joash, sons of Shemaah from Gibeah, and Jeziel and Pelet, sons of Azmaveth, and Beracah and Jehu, from Anathoth.

They held the bows with their left hand and the swords with their right, and their bows were filled with arrows, but David was unwilling to slay Saul, because he was the chief, the prince of the tribe of Benjamin.

The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Beracah, and Jehu the Anathothite;

1Chr12:4  Also, there was Ishmaiah, from Gibeon, the strongest among the thirty and over the thirty; Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Jozabad, from Gederah;

These are the names of the mighty men who were with David: Ahiezer and his son Joash; Joel of Macsite; Shemaiah the Gibeathite; Pelet and Berachiah, the sons of Arboth; and Jehu the Anatothite;

and Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Jozabad the Gederathite;

1Chr12:5  and Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah, the Haruphites;

And Shemaiah the Gibeonite, who was captain over thirty men, and fought equal to all of them; and Jeremiah, Nahaziel, Zabor, Azar,

Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Hariphite;

1Chr12:6  Elkanah, and Isshiah, and Azarel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, from Carehim;

Gadai, Jermoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah, Habar,

Elkanah, and Isshiah, and Azarel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korahites;

1Chr12:7  and also Joelah and Zebadiah, sons of Jeroham, from Gedor.

Elkanah, Jesiah, Azariel, Shebnah, Asaph,

and Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of the troop.

1Chr12:8  Then too, from Gad, there went over to David, when he was hiding in the desert, very robust men, who were excellent fighters, taking hold of shield and spear; their faces were like the faces of a lion, and they were swift like the roe deer upon the mountains.

Joah and Zechariah, the sons of Jeroham of Gadar.

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And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David to the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valour, men trained for war, that could handle shield and spear; whose faces were like the faces of lions, and they were as swift as the roes upon the mountains;

And from Gad these separated themselves to David from the wilderness, strong mighty men of war, bearing shields and spears, and their faces were as the face of a lion, and they were nimble as roes upon the mountains in speed.

1Chr12:9  Ezer was the leader, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,

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Ezer the chief, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third;

1Chr12:10  Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,

Ezra the chief of the mighty men, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,

10  Mashmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth;

1Chr12:11  Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh,

10  Ashur the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,

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11  Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh;

11  Jethi the sixth, Eliab the seventh,

1Chr12:12  Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth,

12  Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth;

12  Joanan the eighth, Eleazer the ninth,

1Chr12:13  Jeremiah the tenth, Machbannai the eleventh.

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13  Jeremiah the tenth, Machbannai the eleventh.

1Chr12:14  These were from the sons of Gad, leaders of the army. The least was in charge of one hundred soldiers, and the greatest was in charge of one thousand.

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14  These of the sons of Gad were captains of the host; he that was least was equal to a hundred, and the greatest to a thousand.

14  These were chiefs of the army of the sons of Gad, the least one commander of a hundred, and the greatest one of a thousand.

1Chr12:15  These are the ones who crossed over the Jordan in the first month, when it is accustomed to overflow its banks. And they put to flight all those who were staying in the valleys, to the eastern region and to the west.

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15  These are they that went over the Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all its banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.

1Chr12:16  Then some from Benjamin and from Judah also arrived at the stronghold where David was staying.

15  These are they who crossed the Jordan in the month of Nisan, when it had overflowed all its banks; and they put to flight all the army that was encamped in the valley, both toward the east and toward the west. And these are the numbers of the commanders of the army who gathered together and came to David to Hebron to give him the kingdom of Saul, so that the word of Samuel the prophet might be fulfilled, who spoke by the command of the LORD.

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16  And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the stronghold unto David.

1Chr12:17  And David went out to meet them, and he said: “If you have arrived peacefully, so as to be a help to me, may my heart be joined to you; but if to betray me to my adversaries, though I have no iniquity in my hands, may the God of our fathers see and judge.”

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17  And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them: 'If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, my heart shall be knit unto you; but if ye be come to betray me to mine adversaries, seeing there is no wrong in my hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and give judgment.'

1Chr12:18  Truly, the Spirit clothed Amasai, the leader among the thirty, and he said: “O David, we are yours! O son of Jesse, we are for you! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers. For your God helps you.” Therefore, David received them, and he appointed them as leaders of troops.

17  And David went out to meet them and blessed them, and said to them, If you have come peaceably to me to help us, then may the LORD grant you a double portion of that which you have in your heart; but if you have come to betray me and to deliver me to my adversaries, seeing that I have not sinned against you and there is no wrong in my hands, the God of my fathers knows it, and he will rebuke whoever is wrong among us.

18  Then the spirit clothed Amasai, who was chief of the captains: Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse; peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thy helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

1Chr12:19  Moreover, some from Manasseh crossed over to David, when he went forth with the Philistines against Saul, so that he might fight. But he did not fight with them. For the leaders of the Philistines, taking counsel, sent him back, saying, “To the peril of our own heads, he will return to his lord, Saul.”

18  Then the spirit of might came upon Amasa, the son of Jatar, chief of the thirty, and he answered and said to David, Come on, David, come on, O son of Jesse! I am also with you, peace be to you, be not afraid, and peace will be given to you from your helpers; for your God is your helper in every hour. Then David received them, and made them captains of the army.

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19  Of Manasseh also there fell away some to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle, but they helped them not; for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying: 'He will fall away to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads.'

1Chr12:20  And so, when he returned to Ziklag, some fled over to him from Manasseh: Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Adnah, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders of thousands in Manasseh.

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20  As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

1Chr12:21  These offered assistance to David against the robbers. For all were very strong men, and they became leaders in the army.

20  And as he goes to Zinklag, we will besiege him and capture him alive. These are their names: Ada, Zabor, Jediael, Michael, Elihu, and Jozabad, commanders of thousands of the house of Manasseh.

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21  And they helped David against the troop, for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.

1Chr12:22  Then, too, some came to David throughout each day, in order to help him, until they became a great number, like the army of God.

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22  For from day to day men came to David to help him, until there was a great host, like the host of God.

1Chr12:23  Now this is the number of the leaders of the army who went to David when he was at Hebron, so that they might transfer the kingdom of Saul to him, in accord with the word of the Lord

22  For every day they went into the presence of David to eat food before him, for he loved them exceedingly.

23  And these are the numbers of the heads of them that were armed for war, who came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of YHWH.

1Chr12:24  the sons of Judah, carrying shield and spear, six thousand eight hundred, equipped for battle;

23  And of the children of Judah who bore sword and spear were six thousand and eight hundred mighty men of war.