The Bible in Its Traditions

1 Chronicles 11:1–47

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Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying: 'Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.

And all Israel came to David in Chebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bones and thy flesh.

Then all of Israel was gathered to David at Hebron, saying: “We are your bone and your flesh.

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In times past, even when Saul was king, it was thou that didst lead out and bring in Israel; and YHWH thy God said unto thee: Thou shalt feed My people Israel, and thou shalt be prince over My people Israel.'

And heretofore when Saul was king, thou wast he that led Israel in and out, and the Lord of Israel said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be for a ruler over Israel.

Also, yesterday and the day before, when Saul still reigned, you were the one who led out and brought in Israel. For the Lord your God said to you: ‘You shall pasture my people Israel, and you shall be the leader over them.’ ”

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So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before YHWH; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the YHWH by the hand of Samuel.

Therefore, all those greater by birth of Israel went to the king at Hebron. And David formed a pact with them before the Lord. And they anointed him king over Israel, in accord with the word of the Lord, which he spoke by the hand of Samuel.

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And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem--the same is Jebus--and the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, were there.

And the king and his men went to Jerusalem, this is Jebus; and there the Jebusites the inhabitants of the land said to David,

Then David and all of Israel went to Jerusalem. The same is Jebus, where the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, were.

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And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David: 'Thou shalt not come in hither.' Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion; the same is the city of David.

Thou shalt not enter in hither. But he took the strong hold of Sion: this is the city of David.

And those who were living in Jebus said to David: “You shall not enter here.” But David seized the stronghold of Zion, which is the city of David.

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And David said: 'Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.' And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, and was made chief.

And he said, “Whoever shall strike the Jebusites first, shall be ruler and commander.” And so Joab, the son of Zeruiah, ascended first, and he was made the leader.

And David said, Whoever smites a Jebusite person first shall be chief and commander of the army. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, and King David appointed him chief and commander of the army.

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And David dwelt in the stronghold; therefore they called it the city of David.

Then David lived in the stronghold, and for this reason it was called the City of David.

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And he built the city round about, from Millo even round about; and Joab repaired the rest of the city.

And he fortified the city round about.

And David built the city round about, even from Millo, which is outside; and David gave the east side of the city to the rest of the people who were in the villages.

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And David waxed greater and greater; for YHWH of hosts was with him.

And David continued to increase, and the Lord Almighty was with him.

So David became greater and greater; and the LORD of hosts was with him.

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10  Now these are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who held strongly with him in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of YHWH concerning Israel.

10  These are the leaders of the strong men of David, who assisted him, so that he would become king over all of Israel, in accord with the word of the Lord, which he spoke to Israel.

10  These are the chiefs of David's mighty men, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom and helped him to be made king over all Israel, according to the word of the LORD which he spoke concerning Israel.

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11  And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had: Jashobeam, the son of a Hachmonite, the chief of the captains; he lifted up his spear against three hundred and slew them at one time.

11  And this is the list of the mighty men of David; Jesebada, son of Achaman, first of the thirty: he drew his sword once against three hundred whom he slew at one time.

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12  And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighty men.

12  And after him, there was Eleazar, the son of his uncle, an Ahohite, who was among the three powerful ones.

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13  He was with David at Pas-dammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a plot of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines.

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14  But they stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines; and YHWH saved them by a great victory.

14  These men stood in the midst of the field, and they defended it. And when they had struck down the Philistines, the Lord gave a great salvation to his people.

14  And they set themselves in the midst of the field, and delivered it and slew the Philistines; and the LORD wrought a great victory.

15  And three of the thirty chiefs went down to the rock to David, unto the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines were encamped in the valley of Rephaim.

15  Then three from the thirty leaders descended to the rock where David was, to the cave of Adullam, when the Philistines had made camp in the Valley of the Rephaim.

15  Now three of the thirty chieftains went down to David, into the cave of Arlam; and the host of the Philistines was encamped in the valley of Gabarey.

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16  And David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem.

16  Now David was in a stronghold, and a garrison of the Philistines was in Bethlehem.

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17  And David longed, and said: 'Oh that one would give me water to drink of the well of Beth-lehem, which is by the gate!'

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18  And the three broke through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Beth-lehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David; but David would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto YHWH,

18  Therefore, these three broke through to the midst of the camp of the Philistines, and they drew water from the well of Bethlehem, which was at the gate. And they took it to David, so that he might drink. But he was not willing; and instead, he offered it as a libation to the Lord,

18  And as soon as three men heard it, they broke through the camp of the Philistines, and went and drew water out of the cistern of Bethlehem that was by the gate of the city, and took it and brought it to David; but David would not drink of it, but poured it out in the presence of the LORD,

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19  and said: 'My God forbid it me, that I should do this; shall I drink the blood of these men that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with the jeopardy of their lives they brought it.' Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.

19  saying: “Far be it from me, that I would do this in the sight of my God, and that I would drink the blood of these men. For at the peril of their own lives, they brought the water to me.” And for this reason, he was not willing to drink. The three most powerful accomplished these things.

20  And Abishai, the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three; for he lifted up his spear against three hundred and slew them, and had a name among the three.

20  Also, Abishai, the brother of Joab, was the leader of the three, and he lifted up his spear against three hundred, who were wounded. And he was most renown among the three,

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21  Of the three in the second rank he was the most honourable, and was made their captain; howbeit he attained not to the first three.

21  and he was famous among the second three and their leader. Yet truly, he did not reach as far as the first three.

21  He was more honorable than the thirty men, and he became their chief and fought like thirty men.

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22  Beniah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done mighty deeds, he smote the two altar-hearths of Moab; he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow.

22  And Banaia the son of Jodae was the son of a mighty man: many were his acts for Cabasael: he smote two lion-like men of Moab, and he went down and smote a lion in a pit on a snowy day.

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23  And he slew an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits high; and in the Egyptian's hand was a spear like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

23  And he struck down an Egyptian man, whose stature was five cubits, and who had a spear like a weaver’s beam. And yet he descended to him with a staff. And he seized the spear that he was holding in his hand. And he killed him with his own spear.

24  These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had a name among the three mighty men.

24  These things were done by Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, who was most renowned among the three robust ones,

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25  Behold, he was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three; and David set him over his guard.

25  He was distinguished beyond the thirty, yet he reached not to the first three: and David set him over his family.

25  And he was honorable among the three valiant men, for he fought like three mighty men; and David set him over his bodyguard and over the chiefs of the army;

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26  Also the mighty men of valour: Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Beth-lehem;

26  And the mighty men of the forces were, Asael the brother of Joab, Eleanan the son of Dodoe of Bethleem,

26  Moreover, the strongest men of the army were Asahel, the brother of Joab; and Elhanan, the son of his uncle, from Bethlehem;

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27  Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite;

27  Shammoth of the mount, King Helez the Pelonite,

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28  Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite;

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29  Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite;

29  Sobochai the Usathite, Eli the Achonite,

29  Sabbai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,

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30  Mahrai the Netophathite, Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite;

30  Marai the Netophathite, Chthaod the son of Nooza the Netophathite,

30  Maharai, a Netophathite; Heled, the son of Baanah, a Netophathite;

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31  Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite;

31  Airi the son of Rebie of the hill of Benjamin, Banaias the Pharathonite,

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32  Hurai of Nahale-gaash, Abiel the Arbathite;

32  Hurai, from the torrent Gaash; Abiel, an Arbathite; Azmaveth, a Baharumite; Eliahba, a Shaalbonite.

32  Hadai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite,

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33  Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite;

33  Azbon the Baromite, Eliaba the Salabonite,

33  The sons of Hashem, a Gizonite: Jonathan, the son of Shagee, a Hararite;

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34  the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shageh the Hararite;

34  Ahiam, the son of Sachar, a Hararite;

34  The sons of Shem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage of mount Carmel,

35  Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur;

35  Eliphal, the son of Ur;

35  Ahiram the son of Sacim of mount Beta, Elipon the son of Ur of Begarthon,

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36  Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite;

36  the Mechorathrite, Achia the Phellonite,

37  Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai the son of Ezbai;

37  Esere the Charmadaite, Naarai the son of Azobai,

38  Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri;

38  Joel the son of Nathan, Mebaal son of Agari,

39  Zelek the Ammonite, Nahrai the Berothite, the armour-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah;

39  Sele the son of Ammoni, Nachor the Berothite, armour-bearer to the son of Saruia,

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40  Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite;

40  Ira, an Ithrite; Gareb, an Ithrite;

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41  Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai;

41  Uria the Chettite, Zabet son of Achaia,

42  Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a chief of the Reubenites, and thirty with him;

42  Adina son of Saeza, a chief of Ruben, and thirty with him,

43  Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite;

43  Anan the son of Moocha, and Josaphat the Matthanite,

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44  Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite;

44  Ozia the Astarothite, Samatha and Jeiel sons of Chotham the Ararite,

44  Jehoshaphat the Ashterathite, Shama and Emael the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

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45  Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite;

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46  Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite;

46  Eliel, a Mahavite; and Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam; and Ithmah, a Moabite; Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel from Mezobaite.

46  Amozoth and Anael, Moham, Mozel, Ribai and his son Ashua; Ahmael and Jathmah the Moabites,

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47  Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.

1Chr12:1  Also, these went to David at Ziklag, while he was still fleeing from Saul, the son of Kish. And they were very strong and distinguished fighters,